Choice of Schools: What do policymakers need to know? - FAQ

Choice of Schools: What do policymakers need to know?

Dynamic Participation in Interdistrict Open Enrollment
Purpose: To provide insight into a basic, important dimension of the nation's largest school choice program and to lay the groundwork for future analyses of other features of these programs
Issue/Topic: Choice - Open Enrollment
Author(s): Lavery, Lesley; Carlson, Deven
Organization(s): Macalester College; University of Oklahoma
Publication: Educational Policy
Published on: 3/18/2015
Findings/Results:
  • Socioeconomically disadvantaged students were significantly less likely to open enroll than their more affluent peers.
  • Students with special designations - ELL, gifted and talented, learning disabled - are also significantly less likely to...

The Evolution of Charter School Quality
Purpose: 1) To describe how the distribution of charter school quality in Texas, one of the largest charter school states, evolved between 2001 and 2011 2) To investigate the extent to which more fundamental factors--changes over time in student turnover, student selection into and out of charters, and the share of schools that adhere to a "no excuses" philosophy--contribute to the observed changes in school quality
Issue/Topic: Choice of schools--charter schools
Author(s): Baude, Patrick L.; Casey, Marcus; Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G.
Organization(s): University of Illinois at Chicago (Baude, Casey, Rivkin); Stanford University (Hanushek)
Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research
Published on: 10/1/2014
Findings/Results: The analysis provides support for the belief that market forces are generating improvements in the charter sector. During the period of the study:
  • Charter schools that closed were drawn disproportionately from the share of less effective charter s...

Is There Empirical Evidence That Charter Schools “Push Out” Low-Performing Students?
Purpose: To examine exit patterns of low-performing students in all charter and traditional public schools in a large urban school district to determine whether the patterns are consistent with the claim that charter schools are pushing out low-performing students
Issue/Topic: Choice of Schools--Charter Schools
Author(s): Guarino, Cassandra; Zimmer, Ron
Organization(s): Educational Evaluation & Policy Analysis
Publication: Educational Evaluation & Policy Analysis
Published on: 9/4/2013
Findings/Results:
  • Though the study was unable to definitively assess why students transfer out of a particular school, it was able to examine the patterns in the data to determine if they were consistent with the notion that low-performing students are being &qu...

Nearly 50 Years Post-Jim Crow: Persisting and Expansive School Segregration for African American, Latina/o, and ELL Students in Texas
Purpose: To address segregation of English language learners (ELL) in Texas, and to examine the association between high stakes accountability ratings and segregation by race/ethnicity, economic disadvantage, and language proficiency
Issue/Topic: English Language Learner/Bilingual; Desegregation
Author(s): Holme, Jennifer; Heilig, Julian
Organization(s): University of Texas at Austin
Publication: Education and Urban Society
Published on: 8/16/2013
Findings/Results:
  • ELL students in Texas experience high levels of segregation in schools by race, poverty, and language status. Reasons for the growing segregation are less clear, but there are a number of potential causes indicated within the literature.
...

High School Socioeconomic Segregation and Student Attainment
Purpose: To examine the associations between socioeconomic composition (SEC) and attainment measured at two critical transitions—high school graduation and college enrollment—and to investigate school mechanisms that mediate those associations
Issue/Topic: Desegregation; Student Achievement--Closing the Achievement Gap
Author(s): Palardy, Gregory
Organization(s):
Publication: American Educational Research Journal
Published on: 3/26/2013
Findings/Results:

Question 1 To what degree do student attainment, academic and family background, and school factors vary in low, medium, and high SEC schools?


School Choice Policies and Racial Segregation: Where White Parents' Good Intentions, Anxiety, and Privilege Collide
Purpose: To examine white, upper-middle-class parents' interactions with a market-based school choice policy, how the parents make decisions about which schools are desirable within the policy context, and whether they would support changes to those policies that would lead to less stratification and segregation in schools
Issue/Topic: Choice of Schools--Choice/Open Enrollment--Research; Parent/Family
Author(s): Roda, Allison; Stuart Wells, Amy
Organization(s): Teachers College, Columbia University
Publication: American Journal of Education
Published on: 12/7/2012
Findings/Results:

While opinion polls note that there is a growing acceptance among whites of racial diversity in public schools, the nation's schools - including those in District Q - have become increasingly segregated.

*District Q is...



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