Dropouts: Why do students drop out of school and what might help them to stay? - FAQ

Dropouts: Why do students drop out of school and what might help them to stay?

The ABCs of Keeping On Track to Graduation: Research Findings from Baltimore
Purpose: The study probes the relationship between 8th and 9th grade early warning indicators as predictors of graduation outcomes, as well as the relationship between 9th grade indicators and college enrollment outcomes.
Issue/Topic: At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)
Author(s): MacIver, Martha; Messel, Matthew
Publication: Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk
Published on: 2/5/2013

  • Equipping schools to implement interventions to address chronic absenteeism and course failure in 9th grade is a crucial strategy for increasing both high school graduation and college enrollment.  
  • The strongest predictors...

Preventing Youth Violence and Dropout: A Randomized Field Experiment
Purpose: To determine whether an intervention that includes regular exposure to pro-social adults, after-school programming and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) affects outcomes in disadvantaged youth, and which elements of the intervention matter most.
Issue/Topic: At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention); School Safety
Author(s): Ludwig, Jens; Heller, Sara; Pollack, Harold; Ander, Roseanna
Organization(s): National Bureau of Economic Research
Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research
Published on: 1/1/2013
Findings/Results: The intervention program consisted of regular exposure to pro-social adults, after-school programming and -- perhaps the most novel ingredient -- cognitive behaviorial therapy (CBT). CBT is a short-duration intervention from psychology that helps people r...

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Interventions that Improve High School Completion
Purpose: To describe the tool of cost-effectiveness analysis, to identify methodological challenges in its application, to present cost-effectiveness cost analyses of several programs, to demonstrate how cost-effectiveness comparisons can be used to inform decision-makers.
Issue/Topic: At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention); High School
Author(s): Belfield, Clive; Bowden, A.; Cheng, Henan; Hanisch-Cerda, Barbara; Hollands, Fiona; Levin, Henry; Pan, Yilin; Shand, Robert
Organization(s): Teachers College, Columbia University
Publication: Teachers College, Columbia University
Published on: 1/1/2012
  • The cost to produce each extra high school completer through educational reforms such as interventions studied here are very high, ranging from $70,000 to $195,000 per completer excluding Talent Search.
  • Broadly, of the class of pr...

Effects of Charter High Schools on Educational Attainment, The
Purpose: To determine whether charter high schools increase the likelihood that a student will complete high school and attend college.
Issue/Topic: Choice of Schools--Charter Schools
Author(s): Booker, Kevin; Gill, Brian; Sass, Tim; Zimmer, Ron
Organization(s): Mathematica Policy Research Inc.; The Florida State University; Vanderbilt University
Publication: Journal of Labor Economics
Published on: 3/1/2011

Charter schools are associated with a higher probability of successful high school completion and an increased likelihood of attending a 2-year or 4-year college in two dissimilar jurisdictions, Florida and Chicago.


  • 57%...

Focusing on the Participation and Engagement Gap: A Case Study on Closing the Achievement Gap
Purpose: To determine whether altering student attendance and student engagement contributes to closing the achievement gap.
Issue/Topic: Attendance; Student Achievement--Closing the Achievement Gap
Author(s): Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy; Lapp, Diane
Organization(s): Health Sciences High & Middle College
Publication: Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk
Published on: 1/1/2011

Upon implementing a school-wide intervention to improve student attendance and achievement, the pass rates for Health Sciences High & Middle College students have increased steadily over the past three years and have outpaced students in t...

Evaluating the Relationship Between Student Attendance and Achievement in Urban Elementary and Middle Schools: An Instrumental Variables Approach
Purpose: To explore to what degree student attendance is related to both grade point average (GPA) and standardized testing outcomes.
Author(s): Gottfried, Michael
Organization(s): University of Pennsylvania
Publication: American Educational Research Journal
Published on: 1/1/2010

The findings support the premise that a significant and practically meaningful relationship exists between attendance and achievement across multiple grades in urban schools: students with a higher number of days present have higher GPAs. Attendance al...

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