Is There Empirical Evidence That Charter Schools “Push Out” Low-Performing Students?


Is There Empirical Evidence That Charter Schools “Push Out” Low-Performing Students?

Issue/Topic: Choice of Schools--Charter Schools
Author(s): Guarino, Cassandra; Zimmer, Ron
Organization(s): Educational Evaluation & Policy Analysis
Publication: Educational Evaluation & Policy Analysis
Published On: 9/4/2013

Background:
As publicly funded schools of choice, charter schools are expected to serve all types of students; however, there is concern that because charter schools lack incentive to serve low-achieving students, they not only lure the best students away from traditional public schools, but "push out" the lowest achieving students.

Purpose:
To examine exit patterns of low-performing students in all charter and traditional public schools in a large urban school district to determine whether the patterns are consistent with the claim that charter schools are pushing out low-performing students

Findings/Results:


Policy Implications/Recommendations:
Full text is available from: http://epa.sagepub.com/content/35/4/461
Research Design:
Formal regression model, including sensitivity analyses

Population/Participants/Subjects:
Students attending school in an anonymous, large urban school district containing a large number of charter schools.

Year data is from:
2000-2007

Setting:
District

Data Collection and Analysis:
Student-level data was tracked in an anonymous, large school district with a high concentration of low-income students, nearly 80% of whom qualified for free and reduced lunch. To track students exiting charter schools and traditional public schools, data on race/ethnicity, gender, special needs, LEP, test scores, school of attendance, and grade enrolled for each school year from 2000-01 through 2006-07 were collected.

Disclaimer:
Reference in this Web site to any specific commercial products, processes or services, or the use of any trade, firm or corporation name is for the information and convenience of the public, and does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Education Commission of the States. Please contact Jennifer Thomsen at 303-299-3633 or jthomsen@ecs.org for further information regarding the information posting standards and user policies of the Education Commission of the States.


© 2020 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education. 700 Broadway #810, Denver, CO 80203-3442

To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please contact the Education Commission of the States’ Communications Department at 303.299.3636 or mzatynski@ecs.org.

Your Education Policy Team  www.ecs.org