The Effects of Poor Neonatal Health on Children's Cognitive Development
Issue/Topic: Health; P-3; P-3 Brain Development; P-3 Early Intervention (0-3)
Author(s): Figlio, David; Guryan, Jonathan; Karbownik, Krzysztof; Roth, Jeffrey
Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research
Published On: 2/15/2013
The existing literature makes clear that there appears to be a permanent effect of poor neonatal health on socio-economic and health outcomes. However, it provides no guidance regarding the potential pathways through which these effects come into being nor do we have information about the potential roles for policy interventions in ameliorating this disadvantage during childhood.
To study the effects of birth weight on cognitive development from kindergarten through schooling.
The effects of low birth weight (poor neonatal health) on cognitive development from kindergarten through schooling is significant.
- This cognitive advantage appears to remain stable through the elementary and middle school years.
- The effects of birth weight on cognitive development are essentially constant through the school career.
- This trajectory is very similar regardless of the nature and quality of the school the children attend.
- The effects are present for children of highly-educated and poorly-educated parents alike, for children of both young and old mothers, and for children of all races and ethnicity, parental immigration status, parental marital status, and the like.
- There is a limit to the effect remediation can have on lowering the effects of poor neonatal health. Apparently, biological factors are difficult to overcome.
- The effects of poor neonatal health on adult outcomes are set very early - at least by third grade or even kindergarten, indicating that some biological factors may be very difficult to overcome.
- Policymakers might want to consider how to improve neonatal health. Doing so may serve to limit the need for remediation and additional educational supports in early education.
Full Study: http://www.nber.org/papers/w18846
Twins born in Florida between 1992 and 2002 and educated in a Florida public school.
Year data is from:
Data Collection and Analysis:
Analysis of merged birth and school records for all twins born in Florida between 1992 and 2002 and educated in a Florida public school.
Reference in this Web site to any specific commercial products, processes or services, or the use of any trade, firm or corporation name is for the information and convenience of the public, and does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Education Commission of the States. Please contact Jennifer Thomsen at 303-299-3633 or email@example.com for further information regarding the information posting standards and user policies of the Education Commission of the States.