The Effects of Poor Neonatal Health on Children's Cognitive Development


The Effects of Poor Neonatal Health on Children's Cognitive Development

Issue/Topic: Health; P-3; P-3 Brain Development; P-3 Early Intervention (0-3)
Author(s): Figlio, David; Guryan, Jonathan; Karbownik, Krzysztof; Roth, Jeffrey
Organization(s):
Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research
Published On: 2/15/2013

Background:
The existing literature makes clear that there appears to be a permanent effect of poor neonatal health on socio-economic and health outcomes. However, it provides no guidance regarding the potential pathways through which these effects come into being nor do we have information about the potential roles for policy interventions in ameliorating this disadvantage during childhood.

Purpose:
To study the effects of birth weight on cognitive development from kindergarten through schooling.

Findings/Results:

The effects of low birth weight (poor neonatal health) on cognitive development from kindergarten through schooling is significant.


Policy Implications/Recommendations:

Full Study: http://www.nber.org/papers/w18846


Research Design:
Qualitative

Population/Participants/Subjects:
Twins born in Florida between 1992 and 2002 and educated in a Florida public school.

Year data is from:
1992-2002

Setting:
State

Data Collection and Analysis:
Analysis of merged birth and school records for all twins born in Florida between 1992 and 2002 and educated in a Florida public school.

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