High School-Level Accountability

High School-Level Accountability


This database provides 50-state information on the indicators, notifications/supports, sanctions and rewards established in state policy in response to federal and state-level accountability initiatives. Policies relate to high school-level (not district-level) accountability.

This database seeks to address the following questions:

1. Indicators

1A . What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?

Although all states include graduation rate as an indicator, only one state includes college remediation.

1B. What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?

Six states report on school safety issues, and one reports on college remediation rate for high schools.

Information on why this issue matters is available through this link.

2. Notification and Supports

2A. Is the state required to provide written warning?

Currently, 33 states provide written warning to low-performing schools.

2B. Is the state or other entity required to provide technical assistance?

Forty-nine states make provisions for technical assistance.

2C. Is the state required to provide additional funding to a low-performing school?

At this time, seven states provide additional funding to a low-performing school.

2D. Is the low-performing school required to create and implement an improvement plan?

Forty-four states require low-performing schools to create and implement an improvement plan.

2E. Is another entity, such as the state, required to create an improvement plan for a low-performing school?

Twenty-seven states and the District of Columbia hold the low-performing school responsible for developing the initial improvement plan. If the school continues to be low-performing, ten states require another entity to create an improvement plan and eight states require another entity to assist in the developent of an improvement plan. Five states require the state, the district or the county board to create the plan.

Information on why this issue matters is available through this link.

3. Sanctions

3A. Does the state have the authority to place a school on probation?

Currently, 19 states have this authority.

3B. Does the state have the authority to remove a low-performing school's accreditation?

Twenty-two states have the authority to remove accreditation.

3C. Does the state have the authority to reconstitute staff?

At present, 43 states can use reconstitution in an effort to not only raise student achievement but also to improve the climate of the school.

3D. Does the state have the authority to reopen the school as a public charter school?

Twenty-two states allow low-performing schools to be closed and reopened as public charter schools.

3E. Does the state have the authority to take over the school?

Twenty-nine states are able to take over a low-performing school.

3F. Does the state have the authority to contract with an outside entity to operate the school?

Currently, 32 states and the District of Columbia have this authority.

3G. Can the state require some other major restructuring?

Twenty-eight states authorize some other form of major restructuring.

Information on why this issue matters is available through this link.

4. Rewards

4A. Does the state reward high-performing schools?

Thirty-nine states currently reward high-performance, and one state is developing a rewards program.

4B. Are the school rewards monetary or nonmonetary?

Sixteen states are have both monetary and nonmonetary rewards.

4C. Are reward recipients school and/or staff?

Schools receive the reward in 33 states, while both schools and staff receive the rewards in four states.

4D. Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses?

Only eight states allow the school reward to be used for staff bonuses.

4E. Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement?

Ten states base the reward on school improvement, and 11 states base the reward on school improvement. Eighteen states base the reward either on school improvement or absolute performance.

Information on why this issue matters is available through this link.

Methodology:
Policies were collected from state statutes, recently enacted legislation (session laws), and rules and regulations. Where necessary, statewide initiatives created outside of policy were collected from state education agencies. The information will be updated as changes occur.

Last updated:
August 2008

Research was conducted by Melodye Bush. Please contact Jennifer Dounay Zinth at 303-299-3689 or jdounay@ecs.org with comments or questions about this database.



New Mexico

Indicators for High School Accountability
What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
  • Standards-based assessment score in reading/language arts, math, social studies and science
  • Participation rate
  • Graduation rate.
What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes? Graduation rates for each school in the district indicating contributing factors to nongraduation such as transfer out of the school district, pregnancy, dropout and other factors as known.
Sources N.M. STAT. ANN. §§ 22-1-6.1, 22-2C-4
Notification and Supports for Low-Performing High Schools
State required to provide written warning? Yes
State or other entity required to provide technical assistance? Yes
State required to provide additional funding to low-performing school? No, however schools can apply to the department of education for assistance.
Low-performing school required to create and implement improvement plan? Yes, after initially being designated as low-performing.
Does another entity, such as the state, have to create an improvement plan for a low-performing school? Yes, if the school continues to be low-performing, the school district creates an improvement plan.
Sources Notification: N.M. STAT. ANN. §§ 20-2C-7, 20-20-10
Sanctions for Low-Performing High Schools
Does the state have the authority to place a school on probation? Yes
Does the state have the authority to remove a low-performing school's accreditation? Yes
Does the state have the authority to reconstitute staff? Yes
Does the state have the authority to reopen the school as a public charter school? Yes
Does the state have the authority to take over the school? Yes
Does the state have the authority to contract with an outside entity to operate the school? Yes, policies allow the state public education department to suspend the authority and responsibility of a local school board over a low-performing school. In its place, the state public education department may use any or all of the following groups or individuals in managing or operating the low-performing school:
  • State public education department
  • Contracted consultants
  • Contracted management (such as another school district, individual, group, private company, university)
  • Contracted individuals from other school districts, educational cooperatives, educational organizations or the state's colleges and universities
  • Any combination of the above.
Can the state require some other major restructuring? No
Sources Sanctions: N.M. STAT. ANN. § 22-2C-7
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Monetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: N.M. STAT. ANN. §§ 22-2C-8, 22-2C-9

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