Open Enrollment Policies: State Profile

Open Enrollment Policies: State Profile - Vermont

Last updated: October 2018

Open enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to a public school of his or her choice. There are two basic types of open enrollment policies.

  • Intradistrict: Students transfer to another school within their resident school district.
  • Interdistrict: Students transfer a school outside of their resident district.

Depending on the state, open-enrollment policies are mandatory, voluntary, or both. 

  • Mandatory policies require districts to participate in the program.
  • Voluntary policies allow districts to choose whether to participate in open enrollment, often allowing districts the discretion to enter into transfer agreements with other districts.
  • States with both mandatory and voluntary policies usually require mandatory open enrollment in low-performing schools or districts, in defined regions of the state or in other specific circumstances while allowing voluntary open enrollment in the rest of the state.

View the full open enrollment database here.  

Open Enrollment Survey 2018
Does the state have open enrollment programs? Yes, mandatory interdistrict and intradistrict for high school students. 

Students may apply to attend any high school, but may enroll in the school only if the student, the sending school, and the receiving school agree. Local boards of education may set guidelines that include limits based on the financial impact and the capacity of the program, class, and building. Sending schools may limit the number of students transferring out of the school. 

Citations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 16, § 822a

Do desegregation provisions impact open enrollment programs? Not addressed.
Does the state set priorities for districts to follow when accepting students for open enrollment? Yes. School boards of sending districts must give preference to the transfer request of a student whose transfer request was denied in a prior year. If more than the allowable number of students wish to transfer to a school, the board of the receiving high school district must hold a lottery to determine which students may transfer. 

Citations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 16, § 822a

Who is responsible for student transportation? Not addressed.

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