Open enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to a public school of his or her choice. There are two basic types of open enrollment policies.
Depending on the state, open-enrollment policies are mandatory, voluntary, or both.
|Open Enrollment Survey 2018|
|Does the state have open enrollment programs?||Yes, voluntary intradistrict and interdistrict. Students attending low-performing schools are eligible for intradistrict or interdistrict transfers under the public education grant program. There are also transfer provisions for bullying or other safety issues.|
Intradistrict: Parents may petition in writing to have a student transferred to another school designated by the parent or school board and may request a hearing. School boards must grant the transfer request unless the board determines there is a reasonable basis for denying the request. Decisions are made on an individual basis. If a school district assigns a student to another school to receive special education services, the student's siblings may be allowed to attend that school.
Interdistrict: Students are allowed to transfer out a resident district if the receiving district and parents agree. School districts may also enter into transfer agreements. Districts that do not offer certain grade levels may contract with other school districts to transfer students. Children of employees of a Texas Juvenile Justice Department facility may attend an adjacent school district.
Public education grant program: Students assigned to a low-performing school may transfer to another school or school district, but only at the receiving district's discretion.
Citations: Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 25.031 through § 25.040, § 25.042, § 29.201 through § 29.203
|Do desegregation provisions impact open enrollment programs?||Not addressed.|
|Does the state set priorities for districts to follow when accepting students for open enrollment?||Yes, but only for students transferring out of low-performing schools under the public education grant program. Districts with more applications than space available must give priority to students at risk of dropping out of school and hold a lottery, although school districts may give first priority to previously enrolled students and their siblings over at-risk students.|
Citations: Tex. Educ. Code § 29.201, § 29.202, § 29.203
|Who is responsible for student transportation?||For students transferring out of a low-performing school under the public education grant program, sending districts will provide transportation costs to and from the students' assigned schools.|
Citations: Tex. Educ. Code § 29.201 through 29.203