Open Enrollment Policies: State Profile

Open Enrollment Policies: State Profile - Idaho

Last updated: October 2018

Open enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to a public school of his or her choice. There are two basic types of open enrollment policies.

  • Intradistrict: Students transfer to another school within their resident school district.
  • Interdistrict: Students transfer a school outside of their resident district.

Depending on the state, open-enrollment policies are mandatory, voluntary, or both. 

  • Mandatory policies require districts to participate in the program.
  • Voluntary policies allow districts to choose whether to participate in open enrollment, often allowing districts the discretion to enter into transfer agreements with other districts.
  • States with both mandatory and voluntary policies usually require mandatory open enrollment in low-performing schools or districts, in defined regions of the state or in other specific circumstances while allowing voluntary open enrollment in the rest of the state.

View the full open enrollment database here.  


Open Enrollment Survey 2018
Does the state have open enrollment programs? Yes, mandatory intradistrict and interdistrict, with some limitations. School boards may create written agreements for transferring students between districts. Students must apply annually to attend or continue attending the receiving school.

A receiving school district is not required to admit a transfer student if the transfer would be a hardship for the receiving district, as defined by district policy. Local school boards must adopt policies defining specific standards for accepting or rejecting transfer students from other districts. Standards may include the capacity of a program, class, grade level or school building to accept transfer students but may not include previous academic achievement, athletic ability, proficiency in English language, or disabling conditions.

Citations: Idaho Code Ann. § 33-1401 through § 33-1408

Do desegregation provisions impact open enrollment programs? Not addressed.
Does the state set priorities for districts to follow when accepting students for open enrollment? No. However, suspended or expelled students are not eligible for open enrollment transfers.

Citations: Idaho Code Ann. § 33-1402, § 33-1404

Who is responsible for student transportation? Parents are responsible to transport students to and from the school or an appropriate bus stop within the receiving district.

Citations: Idaho Code Ann. § 33-1402


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