Open enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to a public school of his or her choice. There are two basic types of open enrollment policies.
Depending on the state, open-enrollment policies are mandatory, voluntary, or both.
View the full open enrollment database here.
|Open Enrollment Survey 2018|
|Does the state have open enrollment programs?|
Yes, voluntary intradistrict and interdistrict; mandatory intradistrict and interdistrict under the Open Enrollment Act for students attending low-performing schools and/or districts.
Mandatory: The State Superintendent of Public Instruction must create an annual list of 1,000 low-performing schools, and no more than 10% of a district's schools may be on the list. Parents of students in one of these schools may apply to transfer to higher performing school in the district or in another district. A receiving district may adopt standards for acceptance and rejection of applications, which may include program, class, grade level, building capacity, or adverse financial impact.
Citations: Cal. Educ. Code § 46600, § 48300 to § 48317, § 48350 to § 48361
|Do desegregation provisions impact open enrollment programs?||Under both voluntary and mandatory provisions, sending or receiving districts may prohibit a transfer if it would negatively impact a court-ordered or voluntary desegregation plan or the racial and ethnic balance of the district, not including transfers for children of active-duty military personnel.|
Citations: Cal. Educ. Code § 48355, § 48307
|Does the state set priorities for districts to follow when accepting students for open enrollment?||Yes.|
Voluntary: Receiving districts must give priority in the following order, but may not displace students residing in the district.
Mandatory: Receiving districts must give priority in the following order.
Citations: Cal. Educ. Code § 48301, § 48303, § 48304, § 48306, § 48356, § 46600
|Who is responsible for student transportation?||Upon the request of the parent, receiving districts may provide transportation assistance to the extent that the district otherwise provides transportation assistance to other students.|
Citations: Cal. Educ. Code § 48311