Open-enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to a public school of his or her choice. There are two basic types of open-enrollment policies.
Depending on the state, open-enrollment policies are mandatory, voluntary, or both.
|Open Enrollment Survey 2017|
|Does the state have open enrollment programs?||Yes, mandatory interdistrict and intradistrict.|
School boards of receiving districts adopt policies governing acceptance and rejection of transfer applications and designate which schools and programs are available for open enrollment during the following school year. Schools are open for enrollment of nonresident students if the school's enrollment level is at or below the open enrollment threshold, although school boards may allow nonresident students in schools operating above the threshold. Standards for accepting or rejecting may include:
Citations: Utah Code Ann. § 53A-2-206.5 through § 53A-2-213 Utah Admin. Code r. R277-437
|Do desegregation provisions impact open enrollment programs?||Local school boards' standards for accepting or rejecting transfer applications may include maintaining heterogeneous student populations to avoid violation of constitutional or statutory rights of students.|
Citations: Utah Code Ann. § 53A-2-208
|Does the state set priorities for districts to follow when accepting students for open enrollment?||No. However, school boards of receiving districts may give priority to intradistrict transfers over interdistrict transfers and may establish priorities through the standards for accepting or rejecting transfer applications. When reviewing applications, local school boards must consider if an applicant has siblings attending the school or another school in the district. In addition, districts may reject students who have committed serious infractions of the law or school rules or have been guilty of chronic misbehavior.|
Citations: Utah Code Ann. § 53A-2-207, § 53A-2-208, § 53A-2-213 Utah Admin. Code r. R277-437
|Who is responsible for student transportation?||For intradistrict and interdistrict transfers, the receiving district must provide transportation on an approved route within the district if space is available. Otherwise, parents are responsible for transportation. However, sending districts may transport students to school in the receiving districts and the State Board of Education may create policies about transporting nonresident students to the receiving school if transportation would relieve overcrowding or address other serious problems in the sending districts.|
Citations: Utah Code Ann. § 53A-2-210; § 53A-2-213 Utah Admin. Code r. R277-437