Open Enrollment Policies: State Profile

Open Enrollment Policies: State Profile - North Dakota

Last updated: October 2017

Open-enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to a public school of his or her choice. There are two basic types of open-enrollment policies.

  • Intradistrict: students transfer to another school within their resident school district.
  • Interdistrict: students transfer a school outside of their resident district.

Depending on the state, open-enrollment policies are mandatory, voluntary, or both. 

  • Mandatory policies require districts to participate in the program.
  • Voluntary policies allow districts to choose whether to participate in open enrollment, often allowing school districts the discretion to enter into transfer agreements with other districts.
  • States with both mandatory and voluntary policies usually require mandatory open enrollment in low-performing schools or districts, in defined regions of the state or in other specific circumstances while allowing voluntary open enrollment in the rest of the state.

View the full open enrollment database here.  Please contact Micah Ann Wixom (303.299.3673 or mwixom@ecs.org) with questions or comments.


Open Enrollment Survey 2017
Does the state have open enrollment programs? Yes, voluntary interdistrict.

School boards may decide to participate in open enrollment. Parents must apply to the school board of the receiving school district. The board of each participating district must set standards for accepting or rejecting applications, which may address program, class, grade level, or building capacity. Standards may not address academic achievement, participation in extracurricular activities, English language proficiency, disabilities, or previous disciplinary actions.

Parents may apply for an interdistrict transfer at any time for the following reasons: 
  • The student was a victim of documented violence within the school.
  • The school in which the student is enrolled was declared unsafe.
  • The student's enrolled school has been identified as requiring program improvement for six consecutive years.

Citations: N.D. Cent. Code § 15.1-31-01 through § 15.1-31.08

Do desegregation provisions impact open enrollment programs? Not addressed.
Does the state set priorities for districts to follow when accepting students for open enrollment? No, although the board of each school district sets standards for accepting or rejecting applications.

Citations: N.D. Cent. Code § 15.0-31-06

Who is responsible for student transportation? Sending and receiving districts may provide transportation.

Citations: N.D. Cent. Code § 15.1-31-05


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