K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Wyoming

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The executive power shall be vested in a governor.

He shall expedite all such measures as may be resolved upon by the legislature and shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.

Every bill which has passed the legislature shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the governor. If he approves, he shall sign it, but if not, he shall return it with his objections to the house in which it originated.

The governor shall have power to disapprove of any item or items or part or parts of any bill making appropriations of money or property embracing distinct items.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints members of the state board of education with the approval of the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation Const. Art. 4, § 1
Const. Art. 4, § 4
Const. Art. 4, § 8
Const. Art. 4, § 9
WY Stat. Ann. 1977 § 21-2-301
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power shall be vested in a senate and house of representatives, which shall be designated “the legislature of the State of Wyoming.”

The legislature shall provide for the establishment and maintenance of a complete and uniform system of public instruction, embracing free elementary schools of every needed kind and grade, a university with such technical and professional departments as the public good may require and the means of the state allow, and such other institutions as may be necessary.

The legislature shall make such further provision by taxation or otherwise, as with the income arising from the general school fund will create and maintain a thorough and efficient system of public schools. the legislature shall require that every child of sufficient physical and mental ability shall attend a public school during the period between six and 18 years for a time equivalent to three years, unless educated by other means.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate approves the governor's appointees to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations Const. Art. 3, § 1
Const. Art. 7, § 1
Const. Art. 7, § 9
WY Stat. Ann.1977 § 21-2-301
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The state superintendent of education shall:

-Make rules and regulations in areas outlined by law.

-Consult with and advise the state board, local school boards, local school administrators, teachers and interested citizens, and seek in every way to develop public support for a complete and uniform system of education for the citizens of this state.

-Assist the state board in the performance of its duties and responsibilities, including providing information to the board upon request.

-Prepare and maintain a list of accredited schools in Wyoming.

-Promulgate rules and prepare a biennial plan and budget request.

-Assess and collect student educational assessment data from school districts, community colleges and the University of Wyoming and maintain a uniform statewide reporting system as well as data governance practices.

-Oversee career and technical education programs.

- Coordinate with the state board of education to develop professional teaching standards qualifications.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The general supervision of the public schools shall be entrusted to the state superintendent who shall be the administrative head and chief executive officer of the department of education.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The superintendent of public instruction is chosen by the qualified electors of the state.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation WY Stat. Ann. 1977 § 21-2-202
Const. Art. 7, § 14
WY Stat. Ann.1977 § 21-2-201
Const. Art. 4, § 11
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education shall:

-Establish policies for public education in this state consistent with the Wyoming Constitution and statutes and may promulgate rules.

-Implement and enforce the uniform standards for educational programs.

-Establish graduation requirements in consultation with local school districts.

-Implement a statewide assessment system comprised of a coherent system of measures that provide a reliable and valid measure of individual student achievement for each public school.

-In consultation with local school districts, implement a statewide accountability.

-Promulgate rules and regulations for the implementation and administration of a comprehensive school district teacher performance evaluation system.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The board consists of 14 members. The superintendent of public instruction, the executive director of the Wyoming community college commission and the president of the University of Wyoming, or their designees, shall be ex-officio members and shall not have the right to vote.

From the appointed members, one shall be appointed at large and be a certified classroom teacher, another shall also be appointed at large and be a certified school administrator. Two appointed members shall be appointed at large and be representative of private businesses or industry in Wyoming. The remaining seven shall be appointed from established elector districts. Not more than 75% of the board shall be from the same political party.
How are members of the state board of education selected? Eleven members of the state board of education is appointed by the governor with the approval of the senate.

The superintendent of public instruction, the executive director of the Wyoming community college commission and the president of the University of Wyoming, or their designees, shall be ex-officio members and shall not have the right to vote.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation WY Stat. Ann.1977 § 21-2-304
WY Stat. Ann.1977 § 9-1-218
WY Stat. Ann.1977 § 21-2-301
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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