K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Wisconsin

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The executive power shall be vested in a governor.

He shall expedite all such measures as may be resolved upon by the legislature, and shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.

Every bill which shall have passed the legislature shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the governor.

If the governor approves and signs the bill, the bill shall become law. Appropriation bills may be approved in whole or in part by the governor, and the part approved shall become law.

If the governor rejects the bill, the governor shall return the bill, together with the objections in writing, to the house in which the bill originated.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? N/A
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? No
Citation W.S.A. Const. Art. 5, § 1
W.S.A. Const. Art. 5, § 4
W.S.A. Const. Art. 5, § 10
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power shall be vested in a senate and assembly.

The legislature shall provide by law for the establishment of district schools, which shall be as nearly uniform as practicable; and such schools shall be free and without charge for tuition to all children between the ages of 4 and 20 years.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? N/A
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? Assembly:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? No
Citations W.S.A. Const. Art. 4, § 1
W.S.A. Const. Art. 10, § 3
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The supervision of public instruction shall be vested in a state superintendent and such other officers as the legislature shall direct.

The state superintendent shall:

-Ascertain the condition of the public schools, stimulate interest in education and spread as widely as possible a knowledge of the means and methods which may be employed to improve the schools.

-Supervise and inspect the public schools and day schools for children with disabilities, advise the principals and local authorities thereof and give assistance in organizing such schools.

-Supervise and audit the receipts and expenditures of the cooperative educational service agencies.

-License all teachers for the public schools of the state. Make rules establishing standards of attainment and procedures for the examination and licensing of teachers.

-Accept federal funds for any function over which the state superintendent has jurisdiction and act as the agent for the receipt and disbursement.

-Develop an educational assessment program to measure the adequacy and efficiency of educational programs offered by public schools in this state.

-Administer Wisconsin educational opportunity programs assisting minority and economically disadvantaged youth and adults in pursuing higher education.

-Annually report to the legislature, the number of petitions for new charter schools, and school board and departmental action for new charter schools.

-Make online courses available for a reasonable fee, through a statewide web academy, to schools in the state.

-Administer state programs for cultural education, adult literacy, and geographic education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The state superintendent may:

-Designate the deputy state superintendent or another employee of the department as the state superintendent's representative on any body on which the state superintendent is required to serve.

-Attend such educational meetings and make such investigations as the state superintendent deems important and as will acquaint the state superintendent with the different systems of public schools in the United States.

-Establish classes of auxiliary instructional employees and authorize their employment in the instructional program of the elementary and high schools for specific purposes and their reimbursement from the instructional budget.

-Grant a declaration of equivalency of high school graduation to an individual if the individual has successfully completed a required civics test in the state superintendent's judgment, the individual has presented satisfactory evidence of having completed a recognized high school course of study or its equivalent.

-Promulgate rules establishing fees for issuing a declaration of equivalency of high school graduation or a general educational development certificate.

-Assist school boards to locate vacant positions and provide information and analysis of the professional school personnel supply.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The state superintendent of education is elected.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation W.S.A. Const. Art. 10, § 1
Wis. Stat. Ann. 115.28
Wis. Stat. Ann. 115.29
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? N/A
What is the composition of the state board of education? N/A
How are members of the state board of education selected? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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