K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Washington

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in a governor.

The governor shall see that laws are faithfully executed.

Every act which shall have passed the legislature shall be, before it becomes a law, presented to the governor. If he approves, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that house in which it shall have originated.

If any bill presented to the governor contain several sections or appropriation items, he may object to one or more sections or appropriation items while approving other portions of the bill.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints seven members of the state board of education subject to confirmation by the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation RCWA Const. Art. 3, § 2
RCWA Const. Art. 3, § 5
RCWA Const. Art. 3, § 12
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. 28A.305.011
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative authority of the state of Washington shall be vested in the legislature, consisting of a senate and house of representatives, which shall be called the legislature of the state of Washington.

The legislature shall provide for a general and uniform system of public schools.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate confirms the governor's appointments to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Early Learning & K-12 Education

Joint:
Education Accountability System Oversight
Education Funding
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations RCWA Const. Art. 2, § 1
RCWA Const. Art. 9, § 2
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The superintendent of public instruction shall:

-Report to the governor and the legislature such information and data as may be required for the management and improvement of the schools.

-Travel, without neglecting his or her other official duties as superintendent of public instruction, for the purpose of attending educational meetings or conventions, of visiting schools, and of consulting educational service district superintendents or other school officials.

-Keep in the superintendent's office a record of all teachers receiving certificates to teach in the common schools of this state.

-Administer family services and programs to promote the state's policy.

-Promote the adoption of school-based curricula and policies that provide quality, daily physical education for all students, and to encourage policies that provide all students with opportunities for physical activity outside of formal physical education classes.

-Perform such other duties as may be required by law.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The superintendent of public instruction has the authority to:

-Supervise over all matters pertaining to the public schools of this state.

-Issue certificates as provided by law.

-Administer oaths and affirmations in the discharge of the superintendent's official duties.

-Exercise such other powers as may be required by law.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The superintendent is elected by the qualified electors of the state.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Wash. Rev. Code Ann. 28A.300.040
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. 28A.300.010
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The purpose of the state board of education is to provide advocacy and strategic oversight of public education, implement a standards-based accountability framework that creates a unified system of increasing levels of support for schools in order to improve student academic achievement, provide leadership in the creation of a system that personalizes education for each student and respects diverse cultures, abilities, and learning styles, and promote achievement of state education goals.

In addition to other powers and duties provided by law, the board shall:

-Seek advice from the public and interested parties regarding the work of the board.

-Adopt and revise performance improvement goals in reading, writing, science, and mathematics, by subject and grade level.

-Identify the scores students must achieve in order to meet the standard on the statewide student assessment.

-Annually review the assessment reporting system to ensure fairness, accuracy, timeliness, and equity of opportunity, especially with regard to schools with special circumstances and unique populations of students, and a recommendation to the superintendent of public instruction of any improvements needed to the system.

-Accredit, subject to such accreditation standards and procedures as may be established by the state board of education, all private schools that apply for accreditation.

-Hire an executive director and an administrative assistant to reside in the office of the superintendent of public instruction for administrative purposes.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The board consists of 16 members who are residents of the state of Washington state.
How are members of the state board of education selected? Seven members represent the educational system, five of which are elected by school district directors. One member is elected at large by the members of the boards of directors of all private schools. The superintendent is also on the board.

Seven are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the senate.

Two are students selected in a manner determined by the state board of education.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Wash. Rev. Code Ann. 28A.305.130
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. 28A.305.011
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The superintendent of public instruction is a member of the state board of education.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Wash. Rev. Code Ann. 28A.305.011

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