K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Vermont

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power shall be exercised by a governor.

The governor is also to take care that the laws be faithfully executed, among other executive duties.

Every bill which shall have passed the senate and house of representatives shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the governor. If the governor approves, the governor shall sign it. If not, the governor shall return it, with objections in writing, to the house in which it shall have originated.

All interdepartmental agencies are attached to the governor's office, including the department of education.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints the secretary of education with the advice and consent of the senate from no fewer than three candidates proposed by the state board of education.

The governor appoints the members of the state board of education with the advice and consent of the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation VT Const. CH II, § 3
VT Const. CH II, § 20
VT Const. CH II, § 11
3 VT Stat. Ann. § 2
3 VT Stat. Ann. § 2702
16 VT Stat. Ann. § 161
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The supreme legislative power shall be exercised by a senate and a house of representatives.

The senate and the house of representatives shall be styled, The General Assembly of the State of Vermont. Each shall have and exercise the like powers in all acts of legislation, and no bill, resolution, or other thing, which shall have been passed by the one, shall have the effect of, or be declared to be, a law, without the concurrence of the other.

A competent number of schools ought to be maintained in each town unless the general assembly permits other provisions for the convenient instruction of youth.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate provides advice and consent for the governor's appointments for the secretary of education and to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations VT Const. CH II, § 2
VT Const. CH II, § 6
VT Const. CH II, § 68
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The secretary of education shall:

-Coordinate the educational work of the public schools with higher education in the state.

-Identify educational goals of the public schools and promote education in the state.

-Advise the legislature.

-Supervise and direct the execution of laws, ensure compliance and oversee the expenditure and distribution of money appropriated.

-Establish requirements for information to be provided by schools.

-Make recommendations to school boards on transportation policies.

-Convene meetings, communicate with superintendents, and publish all information necessary for local school districts to perform their duties.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The agency of education shall be under the direction and supervision of a secretary of education.

The secretary shall report directly to the governor and shall be a member of the governor's cabinet.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The secretary of education is appointed by the governor from a list of three candidates provided by the state board of education and with the advice and consent of the senate.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation 16 VT Stat. Ann. § 212
3 VT Stat. Ann. § 2701
3 VT Stat. Ann. § 2702
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education shall evaluate education policy proposals and establish and advance education policy for the state.

Additionally, the board shall:

-Establish such advisory commissions as in the judgment of the board will be of assistance to it in carrying out its duties.

-Have the authority to enter into agreements with school districts, municipalities, states, the United States, foundations, agencies, or individuals for service, educational programs, or research projects.

-Review and comment on an agency budget prepared by the secretary for the governor.

-Make regulations governing the attendance and records of attendance of all students and the deportment of students attending public schools.

-Implement and continually update standards for student performance in appropriate content areas and at appropriate intervals for K-12 schools.

-If deemed advisable, determine educational standards for admission to and graduation from the public schools.

-Report annually on the condition of education statewide and on a school-by-school basis.

-The state board of education shall adopt a statewide strategic education plan and update and readopt a plan every five years.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board consists of ten members. Two members shall be secondary students, one shall be a full member, the other a junior member who may not vote. The secretary of education shall serve on the board as a nonvoting member.
How are members of the state board of education selected? Members of the state board are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation 16 VT Stat. Ann. § 164
16 VT Stat. Ann. § 164a
16 VT Stat. Ann.§ 161
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The secretary of education serves on the state board as a nonvoting member.

The secretary may employ such number of deputy secretaries as he or she deems necessary.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation 16 VT Stat. Ann. § 161
16 VT Stat. Ann. § 213

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