K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Utah

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The executive power of the state shall be vested in the Governor who shall see that the laws are faithfully executed.

Each bill passed by the legislature, before it becomes a law, shall be presented to the governor. If the bill is approved, the governor shall sign it, and thereupon it shall become a law. If the bill is disapproved, it shall be returned with the governor's objections to the house in which it originated.

The governor may disapprove any item of appropriation contained in any bill while approving other portions of the bill.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? N/A
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? No
Citation U.C.A. 1953, Const. Art. 7, § 5
U.C.A. 1953, Const. Art. 7, § 8
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the state shall be vested in a Senate and House of Representatives which shall be designated the Legislature of the State of Utah.

The legislature shall provide for the establishment and maintenance of the state's education systems including a public education system, which shall be open to all children of the state and a higher education system.

The public education system shall include all public elementary and secondary schools and such other schools and programs as the legislature may designate. Public elementary and secondary schools shall be free, except the legislature may authorize the imposition of fees in the secondary schools.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? N/A
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education

Joint:
Public Education Appropriations Subcommittee
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? No
Citations U.C.A. 1953, Const. Art. 6, § 1
U.C.A. 1953, Const. Art. 10, § 1
U.C.A. 1953, Const. Art. 10, § 2
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The state superintendent shall perform duties assigned by the state board of education, including:

-Investigating all matters pertaining to the public schools.

-Adopting and keeping an official seal to authenticate the state superintendent's official acts.

-Holding and conducting meetings, seminars, and conferences on educational topics.

-Presenting to the governor and the legislature each December a report of the public school system for the preceding year.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education shall, with the state superintendent, develop a statewide education strategy focusing on core academics, including the development of:

-Core standards for Utah public schools and graduation requirements.

-A process to select model instructional materials that best correlate with the core standards for Utah public schools and graduation requirements that are supported by generally accepted scientific standards of evidence.

-Professional development programs for teachers, superintendents, and principals.

-Model remediation programs.

-A model method for creating individual student learning targets, and a method of measuring an individual student's performance toward those targets.

-Progress-based assessments for ongoing performance evaluations of school districts and schools.

-Incentives to achieve the desired outcome of individual student progress in core academics that do not create disincentives for setting high goals for the students.

-An annual report card for school and school district performance, measuring learning and reporting progress-based assessments.

-A systematic method to encourage innovation in schools and school districts as each strives to achieve improvement in performance.

-A method for identifying and sharing best demonstrated practices across school districts and schools.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The state board of education appoints the state superintendent of education.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Utah Code Ann. 1953 § 53A-1-301
U.C.A. 1953, Const. Art. 10, § 3
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education has general control and supervision of the state's public education system.

The board may make rules to execute the board's duties and responsibilities under the Utah Constitution and state law.

The board may sell any interest it holds in real property upon a finding by the board that the property interest is surplus.

The board may audit the use of state funds by an education entity that receives those state funds as a distribution from the board.

The board may appoint an attorney to provide legal advice to the board and coordinate legal affairs for the board and the board's employees.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of 15 members.
How are members of the state board of education selected? Members of the state board of education are elected from 15 districts established by the legislature.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Utah Code Ann. 1953, Const. Art. 10, § 3
Utah Code Ann. 1953 § 53A-1-401
Utah Code Ann. 1953 § 20A-14-101.5
Utah Code Ann. 1953 § 20A-14-102
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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