K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - South Dakota

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The executive power of the state shall be vested in the governor.

The governor shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the law.

Any bill presented to the governor for signature shall become law when the governor signs the bill or fails to veto the bill. A vetoed bill shall be returned by the governor with objections to the legislature.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints the secretary of education and the state board of education standards with the advice and consent of the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation Const. Art. 4, § 1
Const. Art. 4, § 3
Const. Art. 4, § 4
Const. Art. 4, § 9
SD Codified Laws § 1-45-6.1
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the state shall be vested in a legislature which shall consist of a senate and a house of representatives.

It shall be the duty of the legislature to establish and maintain a general and uniform system of public schools wherein tuition shall be without charge and equally open to all; and to adopt suitable means to secure to the people the advantages and opportunities of education.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate provides advice and consent for the governor's appointments for secretary of education and the state board of education standards.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations Const. Art. 3, § 1
Const. Art. 8, § 1
Const. Art. 4, § 9
SD Codified Laws § 1-45-6.1
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The secretary is responsible for the accreditation of schools in the state.

The secretary shall determine and submit to the board the cycle for standards review.

The secretary shall develop a uniform system for gathering and reporting educational data for the keeping of adequate educational and financial records and for the evaluation of educational progress.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The head of the department of education is the secretary of education.

The secretary of education provides general supervision over elementary and secondary schools in the state.

The secretary has the authority to review and make recommendations for the budget of the department, approve comprehensive plans, and perform other organizational duties as prescribed by law.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The secretary of education is appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation SD Codified Laws § 13-3-47
SD Codified Laws § 13-3-48
SD Codified Laws § 13-3-51
SD Codified Laws § 1-45-2
SD Codified Laws § 13-3-1.4
SD Codified Laws § 1-45-4
Const. Art. 4, § 9
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The South Dakota board of education standards and the state department of education shall work jointly to ensure students enter the K-12 system ready to learn. The board and the department shall work to develop standards and practices that ensure that, by the third grade, all children have learned fundamental reading, mathematics, language, science, and technology skills that form the foundation for further learning. The board and the department shall work together to develop standards and practices that ensure that, by completion of the twelfth grade, all students, to the best of their abilities, have learned the educational and personal skills that will allow them to enter adulthood as responsible members of society.

The board shall promulgate administrative rules to establish the state accountability system based on achievement and other indicators.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education standards consists of seven members.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The members of the state board of education are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation SD Codified Laws § 13-1-43
SD Codified Laws § 13-3-69
SD Codified Laws § 1-45-6.1
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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