K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - South Carolina

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive authority of the state is vested in a chief magistrate who shall be styled "The Governor of South Carolina."

The governor shall take care that laws be faithfully executed.

Every bill or joint resolution which shall have passed the general assembly, shall, before it becomes law, be presented to the governor, and if he approves, he shall sign it, but if he does not, he shall return it with objections to the house in which it originated.

If the governor shall not approve of any one or more of the items or sections contained in any bill appropriating money, but shall approve of the residue thereof, it shall become law.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints one member of the state board of education.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation S.C. CONST Art. IV, § 1
S.C. CONST Art. IV, § 15
S.C. CONST Art. IV, § 21
S.C. CONST Art. XI, § 1
SC Code 1976 § 59-5-10
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the state shall be vested in two distinct branches, the one to be styled the "Senate," and the other the "House of Representatives," and both together in the "General Assembly of the State of South Carolina."

The general assembly shall provide for the maintenance and support of a system of free public schools open to all children in the state and shall establish, organize and support such other public institutions of learning as may be desirable.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The general assembly elects 16 of the 17 members of the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education and Public Works

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations S.C. CONST Art. III, § 1
S.C. CONST Art. XI, § 3
S.C. CONST Art. XI, § 1
SC Code 1976 § 59-5-10
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The state superintendent of public instruction shall:

-Serve as the administrative officer to the state board of education.

-Keep the public informed as to the problems and needs of the public school system by constant contact with teachers and school administrators, and by in-person appearances.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The superintendent of public instruction is an executive officer in the state of South Carolina.

The superintendent has the authority to:

-Organize, staff, and administer the state department of education.

-Administer through the department of education all policies and procedures adopted by the state board of education.

-Assume any other responsibilities and perform any other duties as prescribed by law or assigned by the state board of education.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The state superintendent of education is elected.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation SC Code 1976 § 59-3-30
S.C. CONST Art. XI, § 2
SC Code 1976 § 1-1-110
SC Code 1976 § 59-3-10
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education has the power to:

-Adopt policies, rules, and regulations for the government of free schools.

-Approve and submit budget requests to the governor and the general assembly.

-Adopt minimum academic standards.

-Prescribe and enforce rules for the licensure and certification of school personnel.

-Prescribe and enforce courses of study.

-Prescribe and enforce textbooks and materials used in free schools.

-Cooperate fully with the state superintendent for the improvement of schools.

-Assume other responsibilities and duties as provided by law.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of 16 members, one from each of the judicial circuits of the state. Additionally, there is one appointed member.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The members from each of the judicial circuits are elected by the legislative delegations representing each circuit. The governor appoints one member.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation SC Code 1976 § 59-5-60
S.C. CONST Art. XI, § 1
SC Code 1976 § 59-5-10
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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