K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Pennsylvania

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power shall be vested in the governor, who shall take care that laws be faithfully executed.

Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall be presented to the governor. If he approves it, he shall sign it, but if he shall not approve he shall send it with objections back to the house of origin.

The governor shall have the power to disapprove of any item or items of any bill, making appropriations of money, embracing distinct items, and the part or parts of bills approved shall become law.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor shall appoint the secretary of education subject with the consent of two-thirds majority of the senate.

The governor shall appoint the members of the state board of education with the advice and majority consent of the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation Const. Art. 4, § 2
Const. Art. 4, § 15
Const. Art. 4, § 16
24 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 26-2602-B
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of this commonwealth shall be vested in a general assembly, which shall consist of a senate and a house of representatives.

The general assembly shall provide for the maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient system of public education to serve the needs of the Commonwealth.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? A two-thirds majority vote of the senate is required to confirm the governor's appointment for secretary of education, and a majority of the senate is required for governor's appointments to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations Const. Art. 2, § 1
Const. Art. 3, § 14
Const. Art. 4, § 16
24 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 26-2602-B
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? On behalf of the Commonwealth, the secretary of education shall have the authority to enter into and administer a regional compact and interstate reciprocity agreement for the provision of postsecondary distance education.

The secretary of education is a nonvoting member of the state board of education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The secretary of education is an officer of the executive branch.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The secretary of education is appointed by the governor and is confirmed by a two-thirds majority of the senate.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation 24 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 1-124
24 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 26-2602-B
Const. Art. 4, § 8
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The board shall have the power, and its duty shall be, to review statements of policy, standards, rules and regulations formulated by the Council on Basic Education and the Council of Higher Education, and adopt broad policies and principles, and establish standards for governing education in the Commonwealth.

The board and secretary of education shall jointly fix salaries for staff deemed necessary to perform the duties of the board.

The board shall develop an annual operating budget.

The board shall provide general supervision of the state-owned universities, community colleges, and state-related universities by adopting polices for approving new schools and requiring long-range plans from the Council of Higher Education.

Every five years, the board shall adopt a master plan for higher education for the guidance of the governor.

Every five years, the board shall adopt a master plan for basic education for the guidance of the governor. The plan shall address program approval and evaluation, personnel certification and licensure, testing and assessment, governance and organization, curriculum and learning materials, transportation, and others.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education shall consist of 22 members, 21 of whom are voting members.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The chairmen and minority chairmen of the house of representatives and senate education committees shall be ex officio members. The governor appoints the remaining 17 voting members, who are confirmed by a majority in the senate. The secretary of education serves on the state board as a nonvoting member.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation 24 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 26-2603-B
24 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 26-2602-B
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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