K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Oklahoma

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power shall be vested in a chief magistrate who shall be styled "The Governor of Oklahoma."

The governor shall cause the laws of the state to be faithfully executed, and shall conduct in person or in such a manner as may be prescribed by law, all intercourse and business of the state with other states and with the United States, and he shall be a conservator of the peace throughout the state.

Every bill which shall have passed the senate and the house of representatives, and every resolution requiring the assent of both branches of the legislature, shall, before it becomes law, be presented to the governor. If he approves, he will sign it. If he does not, he shall return it, with objections, to the house in which it originated.

Every bill passed by the legislature, making appropriations of money embracing distinct items, shall, before it becomes law, be presented to the governor for approval or disapproval.

The governor is an ex officio member of the state board of education.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints the members of the state board of education with the advice and consent of the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation OK Const. Art. 6, § 2
OK Const. Art. 6, § 8
OK Const. Art. 6, § 11
OK Const. Art. 6, § 12
OK Const. Art. 13, § 5
70 Okl.St.Ann. § 3-101
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative authority of the state shall be vested in a legislature, consisting of a senate and a house of representatives.

The legislature shall establish and maintain a system of free public schools wherein all the children of the state may be educated.

The legislature shall, by appropriate legislation, raise and appropriate funds for the annual support of the common schools of the state.

The legislature shall provide for the establishment and support of institutions for the care and education of persons within the state who are deaf, deaf and mute or blind.

The legislature shall provide for the compulsory attendance at some public or other school, unless other means of education are provided, of all the children of the state who are sound in mind and body, between the ages of eight and 16 years, for at least three months each year.

The legislature shall provide for a system of textbooks in the common schools of the state, and the state through appropriate legislation shall furnish such textbooks free of cost for all pupils therein.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate provides advice and consent to governor's appointments to the state board.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Common Education
Appropriations and Budget Subcommittee on Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations OK Const. Art. 5, § 1
OK Const. Art. 13, § 1
OK Const. Art. 13, § 1a
OK Const. Art. 13, § 2
OK Const. Art. 13, § 4
OK Const. Art. 13, § 6
70 Okl.St.Ann. § 3-101
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The superintendent of public instruction shall:

-Give advice and recommendations to the state board of education.

-Adopt policies and make rules for the organization of the department of education.

-Be responsible for the interpretation of policy and rules set by the state board of education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The executive authority of the state education system is vested in the superintendent of public instruction.

The state superintendent of public instruction has the following authority:

-Require coordination of all divisions of the department of education and have general supervision over all employees of the department.

-Organize and have control of the department of education and any other supervisory agencies necessary to carry out the powers, functions, and duties of the superintendent of public instruction and state board of education.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The superintendent of public instruction is elected.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation OK Const. Art. 6, § 1
OK Const. Art. 6, § 3
70 Okl.St.Ann. § 3-107.1
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The supervision of the public school system of Oklahoma shall be vested in the state board of education.

The state board of education shall:

-Adopt rules and policies for the operation of the public school system of the state.

-Appoint and prescribe the salary and duties of the personnel necessary for the proper performance of the state board of education.

-Submit to the governor a departmental budget.

-Provide for the formulation and adoption of curriculum.

-Have authority in matters relating to licensure and certification for instructional, supervisory, and administrative positions in public schools.

-Have general supervision of the school lunch program.

-Provide for the supervision of the transportation of pupils.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education shall consist of seven members. The superintendent of public instruction is an ex officio member and chairperson of the board. Five members represent each of the state congressional districts and one member shall represent the state at large.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The superintendent of public instruction is an ex officio member of the board. The remaining members of the state board of education are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation 70 Okl.St.Ann. § 3-104
70 Okl.St.Ann. § 3-101
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The superintendent of public instruction is the chairperson of the state board of education.

Additionally, there is a secretary of education who oversees the office of educational quality and accountability.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? The secretary of education oversees the office of educational quality and accountability and has the following duties:

-Monitor schools for compliance with state accountability provisions.

-Identify districts not making progress toward compliance.

-Analyze revenue and expenditures for all systems of education.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation 70 Okl.St.Ann. § 3-101
70 Okl.St.Ann. § 3-118

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