K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Ohio

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in the governor and he shall see that the laws are faithfully executed.

If the governor approves an act, he shall sign it. If he does not approve, he shall return it with objections to the house in which it originated.

The governor may disapprove any item or items in any bill making an appropriation of money and the item or items.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints eight members of the state board of education with the advice and consent of the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation OH Const. Art. III, § 5
OH Const. Art. III, § 6
OH Const. Art. II, § 16
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3301.01
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the state shall be vested in a general assembly consisting of a senate and a house of representatives but the people reserve to themselves the power to propose to the general assembly laws and amendments to the constitution, and to adopt or reject the same at the polls on a referendum vote as hereinafter provided.

The general assembly shall make such provisions, by taxation, or otherwise as, with the income arising from the school trust fund, will secure a thorough and efficient system of common schools throughout the state.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate provides advice and consent for the governor's appointments to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education and Career Readiness
Finance Subcommittee on Primary and Secondary Education

Senate:
Education
Finance - Primary and Secondary Education Subcommittee
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations OH Const. Art. II, § 1
OH Const. Art. VI, § 2
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3301.01
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The superintendent of public instruction shall execute, under the direction of the state board of education, the educational policies, orders, directives, and administrative functions of the board, and shall direct, under rules and regulations adopted by the board, the work of all persons employed in the state department of education.

Additionally, the superintendent must:

-Provide technical and professional assistance and advice to all school districts in reference to all aspects of education.

-Conduct such studies and research projects as are necessary or desirable for the improvement of public school education in Ohio.

-Prepare and submit annually a report of the activities of the department and the status, problems, and needs of education.

-Annually inspect the expenditures of each school district.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The respective powers of the superintendent of public instruction shall be prescribed by law.

The superintendent of public instruction shall be the executive and administrative officer of the state board of education in its administration of educational matters and functions placed under its management and control.

Additionally, the superintendent may:

-Prescribe and require the preparation and filing of such financial and other reports from school districts, officers, and employees as are necessary or proper.

-Supervise all agencies over which the board exercises administrative control.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The state board of education appoints the superintendent of education and serves at the pleasure of the board.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation OH Const. Art. VI, § 4
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3301.11
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3301.12
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? There shall be a state board of education which shall be selected in such manner for such terms as shall be provided by law.

The state board of education shall exercise general supervision of the system of public education. The state board has the following powers and duties:

-The state board shall exercise policy forming, planning, and evaluative functions for the public schools of the state except as otherwise provided by law.

-The state board shall exercise leadership in the improvement of public education and administer policies relating to public schools including budgeting, finance, transportation, building facilities, officials and personnel, and others.

-The state board shall formulate and prescribe minimum academic and operating standards for all elementary and secondary schools in the state for the purpose of providing general, high quality education to all students.

-Establish and submit to the governor and general assembly a set of clear and measurable goals with specific timetables for their achievement in support of improving student achievement.

-The state board shall adopt rules for a statewide education management information system.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of 19 voting members as well as the chairperson from the senate education committee and the chairperson from the house of representatives education who are nonvoting ex officio members.
How are members of the state board of education selected? Eleven members of the state board of education are elected. Eight members of the board are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation OH Const. Art. VI, § 4
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3301.07
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3301.0717
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3301.0714
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3301.01
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The superintendent of public instruction shall be the secretary to the state board of education.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3301.09

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