K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - New Hampshire

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? There shall be a supreme executive magistrate, who shall be styled the Governor of the State of New Hampshire. The executive power of the state is vested in the governor. The governor shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the laws. He may, by appropriate court action or proceeding brought in the name of the state, enforce compliance with any constitutional or legislative mandate, or restrain violation of any constitutional or legislative power, duty, or right, by any officer, department or agency of the state.

Every bill which shall have passed both houses of the general court must be presented to the governor who may sign or return it to the house of origin.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints the commissioner of education and the deputy commissioner of education. Additionally, the governor appoints the members of the state board of education with the support of the state's executive council.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation N.H. Const. Pt. 2, Art. 41
N.H. Const. Pt. 2, Art. 44
N.H. Rev. Stat. § 21-N:3
N.H. Rev. Stat. § 21-N:10
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The supreme legislative power, within the state, shall be vested in the senate and house of representatives, each of which shall have a negative on the other.

The full power and authority are hereby given and granted to the said general court, from time to time, to make, ordain, and establish, all manner of wholesome and reasonable orders, laws, statutes, ordinances, directions, and instructions for the benefit of the welfare of the state.

It shall be the duty of the legislators and magistrates, in all future periods of this government, to cherish the interest of literature and the sciences, and all seminaries and public schools, to encourage private and public institutions, rewards and immunities for the promotion of agriculture, arts, sciences, commerce, trades, manufactures, and natural history of the country.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? N/A
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? No
Citations N.H. Const. Pt. 2, Art. 2
N.H. Const. Pt. 2, Art. 5
N.H. Const. Pt. 2, Art. 83
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The commissioner of education is the executive director of the department of education.

The commissioner shall guide the department in:

-Providing general supervision for elementary and secondary schools, teachers, and administrators.

-Providing a variety of educational services to schools and particular groups.

-Providing vocational rehabilitation and social security disability determination services for persons with disabilities.

Additional duties include:

-Establish organizational goals of the department and represent the public interest in the administration of the functions of the department of education.

-Plan and apply for federal and other grants.

-Promote the application of education research.

-Review, on an ongoing basis, the development and administration of standards.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The commissioner of education has the authority to:

-Accept gifts, contributions, and bequests of unrestricted funds from individuals, subject to approval from the executive council.

-Provide for a fair hearings unit within the commissioner's office and conduct all hearings.

-Represent the department on boards, commissions, committees, and professional associations, or shall designate a designee.

-Establish procedures to provide school administrative units with professional staff services, including direct services to school administrative units in improving the effectiveness and efficiency of administrative and instructional services.

-Oversee audit and financial monitoring functions.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The commissioner of education is appointed by the governor after consultation with the state board of education.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation N.H. Rev. Stat. § 21-N:2
N.H. Rev. Stat. § 21-N:4
N.H. Rev. Stat. § 21-N:3
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education shall:

-Regularly review all programs and activities of the department of education and make recommendations to the commissioner of education.

-Advise the commissioner of education with regard to department goals, information gathering and any other aspect of elementary and secondary education.

-Hear appeals and issue decisions, which shall be considered final decisions of the department of education.

-Appoint members of the professional standards board and other advisory bodies.

-Adopt rules.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of seven members. Five of the members shall be selected one each from the 5 executive councilor districts and 2 members shall be selected from the public at large.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The governor and executive council shall appoint the members of the board.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation N.H. Rev. Stat. § 21-N:11
N.H. Rev. Stat. § 21-N:10
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The governor appoints a deputy commissioner of education.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? The deputy commissioner shall:

-Implement organizational goals.

-Ensure compliance.

-Manage personnel. 

-Develop and maintain accounting and property records.

-Require and approve division short- and long-range plans.

-Administer finance and operations.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation N.H. Rev. Stat. § 21-N:3
N.H. Rev. Stat. § 21-N:5

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