K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Missouri

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power shall be vested in a governor.

The governor shall take care that the laws are distributed and faithfully executed, and shall be a conservator of the peace throughout the state.

Every bill passed by the house of representatives and the senate shall be presented to and considered by the governor and he shall return such bill to the house in which it originated endorsed with his approval or accompanied by his objections.

The governor may veto any item or portion of any item of any appropriation bill or the whole thereof; except that the governor shall not reduce any appropriation for free public schools or for the payment of principal and interest on public debt.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints all members of the state board of education with the advice and consent of the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 4, § 1
V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 4, § 2
V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 3, § 31
Mo. Ann. Stat. 26.030
V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 9, § 2(a)
Mo. Ann. Stat. 161.022
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power shall be vested in a senate and house of representatives to be styled "The General Assembly of the State of Missouri."

The general assembly shall establish and maintain free public schools for the gratuitous instruction of all persons in this state within ages not in excess of 21 years as prescribed by law.

In the event the public school fund cannot sustain schooling for eight months a year, the general assembly may provide for such deficiency but may not set aside less than 25 percent of state revenue to provide for schools.

The general assembly may levy an annual tax sufficient to pay the accruing interest of all state certificates of indebtedness.

The general assembly shall adequately maintain the state university and such other educational institutions as it may deem necessary.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate provides advice and consent for governor's appointments to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? Joint Committee:
Education

House:
Elementary and Secondary Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 3, § 1
V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 9, § 1(a)
V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 9, § 3(b)
V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 9, § 4
V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 9, § 9(b)
V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 9, § 2(a)
Mo. Ann. Stat. 161.022
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The commissioner of education shall supervise the department of elementary and secondary education. The commissioner shall confer and advise county and school district employees, teachers, and patrons of public schools.

The commissioner shall study and evaluate and test the progress in achieving these objectives.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The commissioner serves as the chief administrative officer of the state board of education.

The commissioner of education may make suggestions in regard to subject matter and method of instruction, the control and government of schools, the care and keeping of school property, and seek to elevate the standards and efficiency of the instruction.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The state board of education shall select and appoint the commissioner of education.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Mo. Ann. Stat. 161.122
V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 9, § 2(b)
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The supervision of instruction in the public schools shall be vested in a state board of education.

The state board shall:

-Adopt rules governing its own proceedings and formulate policies for the guidance of the commissioner of education and the department of elementary and secondary education.

-Carry out policies relating to public schools.

-Direct the investment of moneys received to be applied to support of public education.

-Grant professional certification to public school employees.

-Classify the public schools of the state, establish requirements for the schools of each class, and formulate rules governing the inspection and accreditation of schools.

-Annually report to the general assembly.

-Promulgate rules under which the board shall classify the public schools of the state.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of eight lay members.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The governor appoints the members of the state board of education with the advice and consent of the governor.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Mo. Ann. Stat. 161.092
Mo. Ann. Stat. 161.022
V.A.M.S. Const. Art. 9, § 2(a)
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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