K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Minnesota

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The governor shall take care that laws are faithfully executed.

Every bill passed in conformity to the rules of each house and the joint rules of the two houses shall be presented to the governor. The governor may approve or veto passed bills.

If a bill presented to the governor contain several items of appropriation of money, he may veto one or more of the items while approving the bill.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints the commissioner of education with the advice and consent of the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation M.S.A. Const. Art. 5, § 3
M.S.A. Const. Art. 4, § 23
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 119A.03
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislature consists of the senate and house of representatives.

The legislature shall make such provisions by taxation or otherwise as will secure a thorough and efficient system of public schools throughout the state.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate provides advice and consent to the governor's appointment of the commissioner of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education Finance
Education Innovation Policy

Senate:
E-12 Finance
E-12 Policy
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations M.S.A. Const. Art. 4, § 1
M.S.A. Const. Art. 13, § 1
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 119A.03
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The commissioner of education is the administrative head of the department of education.

Additionally, the commissioner must:

-Perform a review of state laws and rules to determine which mandates fail to adequately promote public education.

-Supervise evening schools.

-Survey state school districts and teacher preparation programs.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The general powers of the commissioner of education include:

-Delegating to any subordinate employee the exercise of specified statutory powers or duties as the commissioner may deem advisable.

-Appointing subordinate employees and prescribe their duties.

-Organizing the department as deemed advisable in the interest of economy and efficiency.

-Prescribing procedures for the internal management of the department or agency.

Education specific authority includes:

-General supervision over public schools and educational agencies.

-Adoption of administrative rules or amending existing rules.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The commissioner is appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Minn. Stat. Ann. § 119A.03
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 127A.05
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 15.06
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? N/A
What is the composition of the state board of education? N/A
How are members of the state board of education selected? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The commissioner of education may appoint two deputy commissioners who shall serve in the unclassified service.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? The deputy commissioners shall have all the powers and authority of the commissioner unless the commissioner directs otherwise.

The primary duty of the deputy shall be to assist the commissioner in the general management of the entire department or agency. Deputies serve at the pleasure of the commissioner.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Minn. Stat. Ann. § 127A.05
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 15.06

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