K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Michigan

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The executive power shall be vested in the governor.

The governor shall submit to the legislature at a time fixed by law, a budget for the ensuing fiscal period setting forth in detail, for all operating funds, the proposed expenditures and estimated revenue of the state.

The governor may disapprove any distinct item or items appropriating moneys in any appropriation bill.

Every bill passed by the legislature shall be submitted to the governor for approval or disapproval.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? N/A
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? No
Citation M.C.L.A. Const. Art. 5, § 1
M.C.L.A. Const. Art. 5, § 18
M.C.L.A. Const. Art. 5, § 19
M.C.L.A. Const. Art. 4, § 33
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the State of Michigan is vested in a senate and house of representatives.

The legislature shall maintain and support a system of free public elementary and secondary schools as defined by law. Every school district shall provide for the education of its pupils without discrimination as to religion, creed, race, color, or national origin.

No public monies or property shall be appropriated or paid or any public credit utilized, by the legislature or any other political subdivision or agency of the state directly or indirectly to aid or maintain any private, denominational or other nonpublic, pre-elementary, elementary, or secondary school.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? N/A
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education Reform

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? No
Citations M.C.L.A. Const. Art. 4, § 1
M.C.L.A. Const. Art. 8, § 2
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The state superintendent of public instruction shall be the chairman of the board of education without the right to vote, and shall be responsible for the execution of its policies.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The state superintendent of the public instruction is principal executive officer of the department of education.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The superintendent of public instruction is appointed by the state board of education.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation M.C.L.A. Const. Art. 8, § 3
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. 16.405
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? Leadership and general supervision over all public education, including adult education and instructional programs in state institutions, except as to institutions of higher education granting baccalaureate degrees, is vested in a state board of education. It shall serve as the general planning and coordinating body for all public education, including higher education.

The state board of education is head of the department of education.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of eight members who are nominated by party conventions and elected at large.
How are members of the state board of education selected? Members of the state board of education are elected.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation M.C.L.A. Const. Art. 8, § 3
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. 16.401
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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