K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Louisiana

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The governor shall be the chief executive officer of the state. He shall faithfully support the constitution and laws of the state and of the United States and shall see that the laws are faithfully executed.

Except as otherwise provided, the governor may veto any line item in an appropriation bill. The governor shall veto line items or use means provided in the bill so that total appropriations for the year shall not exceed anticipated revenues for that year.

If the governor does not approve a bill, he may veto it.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints three members of the state board of education with consent from the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation LSA-Const. Art. 4, § 5
LSA-Const. Art. 3, § 18
LSA-Const. Art. 8, § 3
La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 17:1
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the state is vested in a legislature, consisting of a senate and a house of representatives.

The legislature shall provide for the education of the people of the state and shall establish and maintain a public educational system.

The legislature shall create parish school boards and provide for the election of their members.

The legislature shall appropriate funds for the operating and administrative expenses of the state board.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate shall provide consent to the governor's appointments to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations LSA-Const. Art. 3, § 1
LSA-Const. Art. 8, § 1
LSA-Const. Art. 8, § 9
LSA-Const. Art. 8, § 11
LSA-Const. Art. 8, § 3
La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 17:1
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The superintendent of education shall:

-Serve as ex officio secretary of the board and provide services and staff to the board necessary to carry out its constitutional and statutory mandates.

-Employ and fix the salaries and duties of the employees of the department of education.

-Provide assistance to local school districts.

-Provide annual reports to the board on student progress and access to quality public education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The superintendent of education shall be the administrative head of the department of education and shall implement the policies of the state board of education and the laws affecting schools under its jurisdiction.

The superintendent, as the administrative head of the department, shall establish divisions within the department as are necessary or appropriate to carry out the functions vested by or under the authority of the constitution or the laws in the superintendent or in the department.

The superintendent has budgetary responsibility over all funds allocated for the day to day operations and functions of the department.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The superintendent is appointed by the state board of education.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 17:22
LSA-Const. Art. 8, § 2
La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 17:24
La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 17:21
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of elementary and secondary education shall supervise and control the public elementary and secondary schools and special schools under its jurisdiction and shall have budgetary responsibility for all funds appropriated or allocated by the state for those schools.

The board may adopt, amend, or repeal rules, regulations, and policies necessary or proper for the conduct of business of the board.

The board may enter contracts which have been recommended by the state superintendent.

The board may delegate powers and duties as necessary to the superintendent of elementary and secondary education.

The board shall adopt a minimum foundation program and adopt a formula for the equitable allocation of minimum foundation funds to parish and city school systems.

The board shall be responsible for all planning functions for the department of education.

The board determines teacher qualifications and certification requirements.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The board shall consist of 11 members, eight of whom shall be elected from single-member districts established by law.
How are members of the state board of education selected? Eight members are elected from individual districts. Three are appointed by the governor from the state at large with consent from the senate.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation LSA-Const. Art. 8, § 3
La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 17:6
La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 17:7
La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 17:1
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

© 2019 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education. 700 Broadway #810, Denver, CO 80203-3442

To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please contact the Education Commission of the States’ Communications Department at 303.299.3609 or askinner@ecs.org.

Your Education Policy Team  www.ecs.org