K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Kentucky

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme power of the Commonwealth shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled the "Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky."

Every bill which has passed both houses shall be presented to the governor who may approve or disapprove. The governor shall have the power to disapprove any part or parts of appropriation bills embracing distinct items.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints all but one member of the state board of education, subject to confirmation by the senate and house of representatives. The president of the council on postsecondary education serves on the state board as an ex officio member.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation KY Const § 69
KY Const § 88
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 156.029
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power shall be vested in a house of representatives and senate, which, together, shall be styled the "General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky."

The general assembly shall, by appropriate legislation, provide for an efficient system of common schools throughout the state.

The general assembly shall by general law prescribe the manner of the distribution of the public school fund among the school districts and its use for public school purposes.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate and the house of representatives confirm the governor's appointments to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education
House Budget Review Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education
House Budget Review Subcommittee on Primary and Secondary and Workforce Investment

Senate:
Education
Senate Budget Review Subcommittee on Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations KY Const § 29
KY Const § 183
KY Const § 186
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 156.029
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The commissioner of education shall be the executive and administrative officer of the Kentucky board of education and shall carry out all duties assigned by law and direct the work of all persons employed in the department of education.

The chief state school officer shall biennially prepare the report of the department of education to be submitted to the governor and the general assembly.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The chief state school officer shall have access to all papers, books, and records of all public school officials.

He may administer oaths and compel attendance for investigations or other matters relating to public schools.

He is responsible for investigating and reporting any violations of law or improper use of state or school fund to the state board of education and the proper county or state attorney.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The commissioner of education is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the state board of education.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 156.148
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 156.250
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 156.210
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 156.148
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The primary function of the board shall be to develop and adopt policies and administrative regulations, with the advice of the Local Superintendents Advisory Council, by which the department of education shall be governed in planning, coordinating, administering, supervising, operating, and evaluating the educational programs, services, and activities within the department of education which are within the jurisdiction of the board.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of 11 appointed members and the president of the council on postsecondary education serving in an ex officio role. Seven of the 11 appointed members shall represent each of the supreme court districts and four shall represent the state at large.
How are members of the state board of education selected? Eleven members of the state board of education are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the senate and the house of representatives.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 156.029
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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