K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Kansas

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in the governor, who shall be responsible for the enforcement of the laws of this state.

The governor may approve and sign bills, or he may disapprove and veto bills. If any bill presented to the governor contains several items of appropriation of money, one or more of such items may be disapproved by the governor while the other portion of the bill is approved by the governor.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? N/A
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? No
Citation K.S.A. Const. Art. 1, § 3
K.S.A. Const. Art. 2, § 14
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of this state shall be vested in a house of representatives and senate.

The legislature shall provide for intellectual, educational, vocational and scientific improvement by establishing and maintaining public schools, educational institutions and related activities which may be organized and changed in such manner as may be provided by law.

The legislature shall provide for a state board of education, which shall have general supervision of public schools, educational institutions, and all the educational interests of the state. The legislature shall provide for a state board of regents and for its control and supervision of public institutions of higher education.

The legislature may prescribe overlapping terms for the state boards of education and regents. The legislature shall make provision for ten member districts for the state board of education.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? N/A
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? No
Citations K.S.A. Const. Art. 2, § 1
K.S.A. Const. Art. 6, § 1
K.S.A. Const. Art. 6, § 2
K.S.A. Const. Art. 6, § 3
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The commissioner of education serves as the executive officer to the board of education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The commissioner exercises administrative supervision over the department of education.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The commissioner of education is appointed by the state board of education.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation K.S.A. Const. Art. 6, § 4
Kan. Stat. Ann. 72-7701
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education has general supervision of public schools, educational institutions and all the educational interests of the state.

The state board of education shall adopt and maintain standards, criteria, guidelines or rules and regulations for school libraries, courses of study and curriculum, the accreditation of schools, and certify teachers and administrators.

The board shall also administer the laws of this state concerning the matters relating to the general supervision of public schools and institutions under its supervision.

The board has the authority to appoint assistant commissioners of education to perform duties prescribed by the board or the commissioner.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education shall be comprised of ten members from ten individual board districts.
How are members of the state board of education selected? All members of the state board of education are elected by voters in his or her district.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation K.S.A. Const. Art. 6, § 2
Kan. Stat. Ann. 72-7513
Kan. Stat. Ann. 72-7603
K.S.A. Const. Art. 6, § 3
Kan. Stat. Ann. 72-7503
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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