K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Iowa

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme power of this state shall be vested in a chief magistrate. He shall take care that laws are faithfully executed.

Every bill which shall have passed the general assembly, shall, before it becomes law, be presented to the governor for his approval or disapproval. The governor may approve appropriations bills in whole or in part, and may disapprove any item of an appropriation bill.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints all members of the state board of education as well as the director of the department of education. All appointments are subject to confirmation by the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation I.C.A. Const. Art. 4, § 1
I.C.A. Const. Art. 4, § 9
I.C.A. Const. Art. 3, § 16
Iowa Code Ann. § 256.3
Iowa Code Ann. § 256.5A
Iowa Code Ann. § 256.8
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative authority of the state shall be vested in a general assembly, which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives.

No bill shall be passed unless by the assent of a majority of all the members elected to each branch of the general assembly.

The educational and school funds and lands shall be under the control and management of the general assembly.

The general assembly shall encourage, by all suitable means, the promotion of intellectual, scientific, moral, and agricultural improvement. The general assembly may use revenue generated by property and other sources in the state to support common schools.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate has confirmation authority over appointments to the state board of education and the director of the department of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education

Appropriations:
Education Appropriations Subcommittee
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations I.C.A. Const. Art. 3, § 1
I.C.A. Const. Art. 3, § 17
I.C.A. Const. Art. 9, 2nd, § 1
Iowa Code Ann. § 256.3
Iowa Code Ann. § 256.5A
Iowa Code Ann. § 256.8
I.C.A. Const. Art. 9, 2nd, § 3
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The director shall:

-Carry out programs and policies as determined by the state board.

-Transmit to the department management information about the distribution of state and federal funds pursuant to state law and rules of the department.

-Develop a budget.

-Act as executive officer of the state board.

-Maintain records of business transacted by the board and the department.

-Develop standards and instructional materials.

-Provide oversight and technical assistance to local school districts.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The director has the authority to:

-Establish divisions of the department as necessary in addition to those prescribed by law.

-Employ personnel and assign duties and responsibilities.

-Conduct research on educational matters.

-Appoint advisory committees.

-Interpret the school laws and rules relating to the school laws.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The governor shall appoint a director of the department of education subject to confirmation by the senate.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Iowa Code Ann. § 256.9
Iowa Code Ann. § 256.8
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education shall:

-Adopt and establish policy for programs and services of the department pursuant to law.

-Prescribe standards and procedures for the approval of practitioner preparation programs and professional development program offered in the state.

-Adopt and update annually a five-year plan for the achievement of educational goals.

-Adopt rules and procedures for accrediting all apprenticeship programs in the state.

-Adopt rules relating to health services.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of ten members: nine voting members and one nonvoting student member. The voting members shall be registered voters in the state with not more than five voting members being members of the same political party. Three of the voting members shall have substantial knowledge of the community college system. The remaining six members shall be members of the general public. A voting member may not have active business interests in education.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The voting members are appointed by the governor subject to senate confirmation. The nonvoting student member is appointed by the governor from a list of names submitted by the state board of education.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Iowa Code Ann. § 256.7
Iowa Code Ann. § 256.3
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The director of the department of education acts as the executive officer of the state board.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Iowa Code Ann. § 256.9

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