K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Indiana

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The executive power of the state shall be vested in a governor.

Every bill which shall have passed the general assembly shall be presented to the governor. The governor may sign or veto bills.

The governor shall take care that the laws are faithfully executed.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints 8 of 11 members of the state board of education.

After January 10, 2025, the governor shall appoint an individual to be secretary of education.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation IN Const. Art. 5, § 1
IN Const. Art. 5, § 14
IN Const. Art. 5, § 16
Ind. Code Ann. 20-19-2-2.2
Ind. Code Ann. 20-19-1-1.1
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative authority of the state shall be vested in a general assembly, which shall consist of a senate and a house of representatives.

Each house shall have all powers necessary for a branch of the legislative department of a free and independent state.

It shall be the duty of the general assembly to encourage, by all suitable means, moral, intellectual, scientific, and agricultural improvement; and to provide, by law, for a general and uniform system of common schools, wherein tuition shall be without charge, and equally open to all.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? One member of the state board of education, who is not a member of the general assembly, is appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives. One member of the board, who is not a member of the general assembly, is appointed by president pro tempore of the senate.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education and Career Development
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations IN Const. Art. 4, § 1
IN Const. Art. 4, § 16
IN Const. Art. 8, § 1
Ind. Code Ann. 20-19-2-2.2
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? There shall be a state superintendent of public instruction, whose method of selection, tenure, duties and compensation shall be prescribed by law.

The secretary of education - designated as the superintendent of public instruction - is the chief executive officer and director of the department of education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The state superintendent, subject to state personnel laws and with the approval of the budget agency, may hire personnel necessary to perform the duties of the department under this title.
How is the chief state school officer selected? Before January 1, 2021, the state superintendent of education shall be elected. After, January 10, 2025, the governor shall appoint the secretary (formerly the superintendent) of education.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation IN Const. Art. 8, § 8
Ind. Code Ann. 20-19-1-1.1
Ind. Code Ann. 20-19-3-2
Ind. Code Ann. 20-19-3-3
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board shall do the following:

-Establish educational goals of the state, developing standards and objectives for local school corporations.

-Assess the attainment of the established goals.

-Assure compliance with established standards and objectives.

-Coordinate with the commission for higher education and department of workforce development to develop entrepreneurship education programs for elementary and secondary education, higher education, and individuals in the workforce.

-Make recommendations to the governor and general assembly concerning the educational needs of the state.

-Provide for reviews to ensure the validity and reliability of the statewide assessment program.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board consists of the following members:

-The state superintendent.

-Eight members appointed by the governor of which six (6) must have professional experience in the field of education. Members shall be appointed from different parts of Indiana with not more than one (1) member being appointed from a particular congressional district. Not more than five (5) members of the state board may be appointed from the membership of any one (1) political party.

-One member, who is not a member of the general assembly, appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives.

-One member, who is not a member of the general assembly, appointed by the president pro tempore of the senate.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The governor appoints eight members of the board. One is chosen by the speaker of the house. One is chosen by the president pro tempore of the senate. The superintendent is an ex officio member.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ind. Code Ann. 20-19-2-14
Ind. Code Ann. 20-19-2-2.2
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The state board may appoint an executive director.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? The executive director may, with the approval of the state board, hire personnel necessary to carry out the duties and responsibilities of the state board under this title.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ind. Code Ann. 20-19-2-2.1

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