K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Illinois

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The governor shall have the supreme executive power, and shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the laws.

The governor shall nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, a majority of the members elected concurring by recorded vote, shall appoint all officers whose election or appointment is not otherwise provided for.

Every bill passed by the general assembly shall be presented to the governor. If he approves, he shall sign it. If he does not approve, he shall veto it by returning it with his objections to the house in which it originated.

The governor may reduce or veto any item of appropriations in a bill presented to him.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The state board of education shall be appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation ILCS Const. Art. 5, § 8
ILCS Const. Art. 5, § 9
ILCS Const. Art. 4, § 9
105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 5/1A-1
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power is vested in a general assembly consisting of a senate and house of representatives.

The state shall provide for an efficient system of high quality public educational institutions and services. Education in public schools through the secondary level shall be free. There may be such other free education as the general assembly provides by law.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate provides advice and consent for governor's appointments to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Elem. Sec. Ed.: Charter School Policy
Elem. Sec. Ed.: Licensing Admin
Elem. Sec. Ed.: School Curric. Policies

Senate:
Education
Subcommittee on Interscholastic Athletics
Subcommittee on Charter Schools
Subcommittee on Special Issues
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations ILCS Const. Art. 4, § 1
ILCS Const. Art. 10, § 1
105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 5/1A-1
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The state superintendent of education, who may be proposed by the governor, shall serve at the pleasure of the board and pursuant to a performance-based contract linked to statewide student performance and academic improvement within Illinois schools.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education may delegate to the state superintendent of education the authority to act on the board's behalf, provided such delegation is made pursuant to adopted board policy or the powers delegated are ministerial in nature.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The state superintendent of education is appointed by the state board of education.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 5/1A-4
ILCS Const. Art. 10, § 2
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education, except as limited by law, may establish goals, determine policies, provide for planning and evaluating education programs and recommend financing.

The board shall be responsible for the educational policies and guidelines for public schools, pre-school through grade 12 and vocational education in the state of Illinois.

The state board of education may, after proper investigation, certify that a district is in financial difficulty, provide recommendations, and require districts to produce a financial recovery plan.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of 8 members and a chairperson. Two appointees shall be selected from among those counties of the state other than Cook County and the five counties contiguous to Cook County. Two appointees shall be selected from Cook County, one of whom shall be a resident of the City of Chicago and one of whom shall be a resident of that part of Cook County which lies outside the city limits of Chicago. Two appointees shall be selected from the five counties of the state that are contiguous to Cook County; and three members shall be selected as members-at-large (one of which shall be the chairperson).
How are members of the state board of education selected? The state board of education is appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation ILCS Const. Art. 10, § 2
105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 5/1A-4
105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 5/1A-8
105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 5/1A-1
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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