K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Idaho

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power of the state is vested in the governor, who shall see that the laws are faithfully executed.

Every bill passed by the legislature shall, before it becomes law, be presented to the governor. He may approve or disapprove of the bill.

The governor shall have power to disapprove of any item or items of any bill making appropriations of money embracing distinct items.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor has the power to appoint all members, except for the state superintendent of public instruction, to the state board of education. All appointments are subject to confirmation by the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation Const. Art. IV, § 5
Const. Art. IV, § 10
Const. Art. IV, § 11
Idaho Code Ann. § 33-102
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the state shall be vested in a senate and house of representatives.

It shall be the duty of the legislature of Idaho, to establish and maintain a general, uniform and thorough system of public, free common schools.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate confirms the governor's appointments to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations Const. Art. III, § 1
Const. Art. IX, § 1
Idaho Code Ann. § 33-102
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The state superintendent shall serve as the executive officer of the department of education and shall have the responsibility for carrying out policies, procedures and duties authorized by law or established by the state board of education.

The superintendent shall serve as an ex officio voting member of the state board of education and shall serve as the executive secretary of the board.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The superintendent has the power to appoint employees to the state department of education.

The state board of education may delegate such powers as required to perform duties and render decisions prescribed to the state board involving the exercise of judgment and discretion that affect the public schools in Idaho.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The superintendent of public instruction is elected at the same term as the governor.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Idaho Code Ann. § 33-125
Idaho Code Ann. § 33-102
Idaho Code Ann. § 33-127
Idaho Code Ann. § 33-107
Const. Art. IV, § 1
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The general supervision of the public education system is vested in the state board.

The board has the power to perform all duties prescribed for it by the school laws of the state. It may hold real property. The board must provide general supervision of all entities of public education supported in whole or in part by state funds.

The board may delegate duties and powers to executive officers as needed.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of seven members as well as the superintendent of public schools who serves as an ex officio member.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The governor appoints all members, except for the superintendent of public instruction, of the board of education, subject to confirmation by the senate.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Const. Art. IX, § 2
Idaho Code Ann. § 33-107
Idaho Code Ann. § 33-102
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The state board of education may appoint an executive officer who shall serve at the pleasure of the board.

The executive secretary - superintendent of public instruction - may be appointed as the executive officer.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? The executive officer, under the direction of the state board, may have such duties and powers as prescribed by the board and not otherwise assigned by law.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Idaho Code Ann. § 33-102A

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