K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Hawaii

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The executive power of the state shall be vested in the governor. The governor shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the laws.

Each principal department shall be under the supervision of the governor and, unless otherwise provided, shall be headed by a single executive. Whenever a board, commission or other body shall be the head of a principal department of the state government, the members thereof shall be nominated and, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, appointed by the governor.

The governor may or may not approve of bills passed by the legislature. Except for items appropriated to be expended by the judicial and legislative branches, the governor may veto any specific item or items in any bill which appropriates money for specific purposes by striking out or reducing the same; but the governor shall veto other bills, if at all, only as a whole.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor shall nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, appoint the members of the board of education.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? No
Citation Const. Art. 5, § 1
Const. Art. 5, § 5
Const. Art. 5, § 6
Const. Art. 3, § 16
Const. Art. 10, § 2
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the state shall be vested in a legislature, which shall consist of two houses, a senate and a house of representatives.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate provides advice and consent to state board of education appointments.

In determining whether to confirm the governor's nominees, the senate shall consider the combination of abilities, breadth of experiences, and characteristics of the board, as a whole, that will best serve the diverse interests and needs of the students and their families.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education
Higher Education

Senate:
Education
Higher Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations Const. Art. 3, § 1
Const. Art. 10, § 2
Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302A-127
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The superintendent of education shall be designated as the chief executive officer of the public school system and shall administer programs of education and public instruction throughout the state, including education at the preschool, primary, and secondary school levels, and such other programs as may be established by law.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The superintendent has jurisdiction over the internal organization, operation, and management of the public school system, as provided by law.

Except as otherwise provided, the superintendent shall sign all drafts for payments of moneys, all commissions and appointments, all deeds, official acts, or other documents of the department.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The board shall appoint, and may remove, the superintendent by a majority vote of its members.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302A-1111
Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302A-1101
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The board of education shall have the power, as provided by law, to formulate statewide educational policy and appoint the superintendent of education as the chief executive officer of the public school system.

The board shall establish statewide performance standards and the means to assess the standards.

The board may adopt rules for the government of all teachers, educational officers, other personnel, and pupils, and for carrying out transaction of its business.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board consists of one member from the county of Hawaii, one member from the county of Maui, one member from the county of Kaui, three members from the city and county of Honolulu, and three at-large members. The governor shall select an at-large member as the chairperson.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The governor appoints all members of the state board with the advice and consent of the senate.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Const. Art. 10, § 3
Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302A-201
Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302A-121
Const. Art. 10, § 2
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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