K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Georgia

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The chief executive powers shall be vested in the governor.

Before any bill or resolution becomes law, the governor has the right to review any bill passed by the general assembly. The governor may veto, approve, or take no action on the bill or resolution. The governor may veto appropriations bills.

The governor shall make such appointments as are authorized by the constitution or by law.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints all members of the state board of education, subject to confirmation by the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? No
Citation GA CONST Art. 5, § 2, ¶ I
GA CONST Art. 5, § 2, ¶ IV
GA CONST Art. 3, § 5, ¶ XIII
GA CONST Art. 5, § 2, ¶ IX
GA CONST Art. 8, § 2, ¶ I
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the state shall be vested in a General Assembly which shall consist of a senate and a house of representatives.

The general assembly may, by general law, provide for the establishment of education policies for public education.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate provides advice and consent to the governor's state board of education appointments.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education and Youth
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations GA CONST Art. 3, § 1, ¶ I
GA CONST Art. 8, § 1, ¶ I
GA CONST Art. 8, § 2, ¶ I
Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-1
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The state school superintendent shall carry out and enforce all the rules and regulations of the state board of education and the laws governing the schools receiving state aid. He shall, from time to time, make such recommendations to the state board as may affect the welfare and efficiency of the public schools.

The superintendent is required to, as often as possible, visit the several counties for the purpose of examining into the administration of the school law, counseling with school officers, delivering public addresses, inspecting school operations, and doing such other acts as he may deem in the interest of public education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The state superintendent has the authority to suspend a county school superintendent for incompetency, willful neglect of duty, misconduct, immorality, or the commission of any crime involving moral turpitude, provided that all of his acts in this matter be subject to the approval of the state board.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The state superintendent of schools is elected at the same time and in the same manner and for the same term as the governor.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-34
Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-35
GA CONST Art. 5, § 3, ¶ I
GA CONST Art. 8, § 3, ¶ I
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education is required to prepare and submit budget estimates to the governor and the general assembly. The board has general supervision of the department of education and may delegate to the state superintendent the authority to employ and dismiss employees of the department.

The board may use and allocate money for educational research and preparation of publication of instructional material. Such funds must be approved by the governor.

The state board is authorized to receive any federal funds made available to it for schoolhouse construction or improvement. The board is authorized to make comprehensive studies to determine the need for and location of new school buildings.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of one member from each congressional district in the state.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The governor appoints all members of the state board with the advice and consent of the senate.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-11
Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-13
Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-16
GA CONST Art. 8, § 2, ¶ I
Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-1
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The state school superintendent serves as the executive officer of the state board of education.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? No
Citation GA CONST Art. 8, § 3, ¶ I

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