K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Florida

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power shall be vested in the governor. The governor shall take care that laws be faithfully executed, commission all officers of the state and counties, and transact all necessary business with the officers of government.

When not otherwise provided for in the constitution, the governor shall fill by appointment any vacancy in the or county office for the remainder of the term of an appointive office.

The governor may approve or veto bills passed by the legislature. The governor may veto any specific appropriation, but may not veto any qualification or restriction without vetoing the appropriation to which it relates.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor appoints all seven members of the state board of education, subject to confirmation by the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation F.S.A. Const. Art. 4 § 1
F.S.A. Const. Art. 3 § 8
Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1001.01
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislature shall make adequate provision to ensure that there are a sufficient number of classrooms so that:

-The maximum number of students for each public school teacher in prekindergarten through grade 3 does not exceed 18 students.

-The maximum number of students for each public school teacher in grades 4 through 8 does not exceed 22.

-The maximum number of students for each public school teacher in grades 9 through 12 does not exceed 25.

The legislature is required to provide every four-year old child high quality pre-kindergarten learning opportunities including basic skills the legislature deems appropriate.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate has confirmation authority over state board of education appointments.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Subcommittee on PreK-12 Appropriations
Education Committee

House Education Subcommittees:
PreK-12 Innovation
PreK-12 Quality

Senate:
Subcommittee on PreK-12 Appropriations
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations F.S.A. Const. Art. 9 § 1
Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1001.01
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The commissioner of education is the chief educational officer of the state and the sole custodian of the K-20 data warehouse. Additionally, the commissioner is responsible for giving full assistance to the state board of education in enforcing compliance with the goals of the K-20 education system.

The commissioner also has the following duties:

Serve as the primary source of information for the legislature.

Develop and implement an integrated K-20 information system for educational management.

Design and implement a statewide program of educational assessment that provides information for the improvement and management of public schools.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The commissioner of education has the authority to organize and name the structural units of the department of education and appoint staff necessary to carry out duties that meet legislative intent and promote efficiency and accountability.

The commissioner has additional authority to:

Administer the State School Fund.

Implement a program of school improvement and education accountability that recognizes the role of district school boards in student performance and measures accountability by individual schools.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The commissioner of education is appointed by the state board of education.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1001.10
Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1001.11
F.S.A. Const. Art. 9 § 2
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education is the chief implementing and coordinating body of public education in Florida. The board is required to adopt comprehensive educational objectives for public education as well as comprehensive short-term and long-term plans for the state system of public education. The board is also required to work with the governor and legislature to develop a budget for K-20 education.

The board has the authority to adopt cohesive rules within statutory authority and to enforce systemwide education goals and policies. Additionally, the board must develop/maintain curricular standards and support the department of education.

The board appoints the commissioner of education.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board consists of seven residents of Florida.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The governor appoints all members of the state board, subject to confirmation by the senate.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1001.02
Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1001.03
F.S.A. Const. Art. 9 § 2
Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1001.01
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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