K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - District of Columbia

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The executive power of the District shall be vested in the mayor who shall be the chief executive officer of the government.

The mayor shall govern D.C. public schools. The mayor has authority over curricula, operations, functions, budget, personnel, labor negotiations and collective bargaining, facilities, and other education related matters.

The mayor may delegate any authority to a designee if warranted for efficient and sound administration.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The mayor has the authority to appoint the chancellor of D.C. public schools. Prior to appointment, the mayor must establish a review panel of teachers, parents, and students and hear the recommendations of the panel.

Additionally, the mayor appoints the state superintendent of education and the deputy mayor for education with the advice and consent of the council. 
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation DC Code § 1-204.22
DC Code § 38-172
DC Code § 38-174
DC Code § 38-2601
DC Code § 38-191
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The Council of the District of Columbia has the authority to pass acts and adopt resolutions by a vote of a majority of the members of the council.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? N/A
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? Council:
Education Committee
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citations DC ST § 1-204.12
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The Office of the State Superintendent of Education shall serve as the state education agency and perform the functions of a state education for D.C. under applicable federal law.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? All operational authority, save for authority specifically designated to the state board of education, is vested in the superintendent of education.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The state superintendent of education is appointed by the mayor with advice and consent of the council.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation DC Code § 38-2601.01
DC Code § 38-2601
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The board serves in an advisory capacity to the state superintendent of education.

Advisory duties include state standards and policies governing special, academic, vocational, charter, and other schools.

Additionally, the board is required to conduct monthly meetings and have access to public comments.

The board has the authority to approve state standards, high school graduation requirements or equivalence credentials, teacher preparation programs, accountability plans, parental involvement policies, charter school authorizers, and attendance requirements.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board consists of nine members.
How are members of the state board of education selected? All nine members of the state board of education are elected, one from each of the eight school election wards as well as one member elected at-large.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation DC Code § 38-2652
DC Code § 38-2651
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The deputy mayor for education is the executive level secretary. The deputy mayor for education serves at the pleasure of the mayor. 
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? The deputy mayor for education acts as the head of the state department of education. The deputy mayor oversees the state superintendent's office and develops and maintains a comprehensive data system. 
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation DC Code § 38-191

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