K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Connecticut

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power of the state is vested in the governor. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.

The governor has the authority to approve or disapprove of bills that have passed both houses of the general assembly. The governor has the authority to veto any item or items of any appropriations bill.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor may appoint all the members of the state board of education with advice and consent of the general assembly.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation C.G.S.A. Const. Art. 4, § 5
C.G.S.A. Const. Art. 4, § 12
C.G.S.A. Const. Art. 4, § 15
C.G.S.A. Const. Art. 4, § 16
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-1
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the state is vested in two distinct houses: the house of representatives and the senate.

The general assembly is required to implement free elementary and secondary schools through appropriate legislation.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The general assembly may provide advice and consent to governor's appointments of the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? Joint Committee on Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations C.G.S.A. Const. Art. 3, § 1
C.G.S.A. Const. Art. 8, § 1
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-1
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The commissioner of education acts as the administrative officer of the department of education.

Additionally, the commissioner serves as secretary to the state board of education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The commissioner has the authority to administer, coordinate, and supervise the activities of the department of education in accordance with the state board of education's policies.

The commissioner is required to appoint a student advisory council on education that includes a diverse cross-section of students from the state.

Additionally, the commissioner may appoint an assistant secretary to the board provided he/she is not a board member.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The state board of education recommends the appointment of the commissioner of education to the governor.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-3a
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-2
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-2a
 
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education is responsible for the general supervision and control of education in Connecticut. Supervision includes promoting the improvement of education, adopting content standards, keeping informed on the condition of education within the state, and develop evaluation and assessment programs, among others.

The board is also required to prepare a comprehensive state education plan every five years and must include a policy statement and long-term and short-term objectives.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of 14 members. At least two members must have experience in manufacturing or a trade offered at the technical education and career schools. At least one member must have experience in agriculture or be an alumni of or have served as an educator at a regional agricultural school. Finally, two members must be nonvoting student members.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The governor appoints the state board of education with the advice and consent of the general assembly.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-4
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-1
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The commissioner of education serves as secretary to the board. The commissioner may appoint an assistant secretary provided he/she is not a board member.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? The commissioner acts as the custodian of board records in the capacity of secretary.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-2

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