K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Colorado

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power of the state is vested in the governor, who must take care that laws be faithfully executed.

The governor has the authority to approve or veto bills passed by the general assembly. The governor may also approve or veto appropriations bills embracing distinct items.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? N/A
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? No
Citation C.R.S.A. Const. Art. 4, § 2
C.R.S.A. Const. Art. 4, § 11
C.R.S.A. Const. Art. 4, § 12
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the state is vested in the general assembly consisting of a senate and house of representatives.

The general assembly must provide for the establishment and maintenance of a uniform system of free public schools throughout the state. One or more public schools must be maintained in each school district for at least three months in each year.

The general assembly is required to provide for the organization of school districts of convenient size, to be governed by three or more elected directors.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? N/A
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? No
Citations C.R.S.A. Const. Art. 5, § 1
C.R.S.A. Const. Art. 9, § 2
C.R.S.A. Const. Art. 9, § 15
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The commissioner of education is the chief state school officer and executive officer of the department of education.

The commissioner has the following duties:

Advises the state board of education on the current status of public schools and other educational matters.

Provides the state board with the necessary information to produce an annual report for the governor and legislative committees.

Assists the board in overseeing educator preparation programs.

Allocate reimbursements to public schools administering basic skills placement or assessment.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The commissioner has the power to perform all duties required by law, to issue instructions to school district officers concerning the government of public schools, and to prescribe the forms and items to be included in reports submitted by district officers.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The commissioner of education is appointed by the state board of education and serves at the pleasure of the board.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-2-112
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-2-113
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-2-110
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education provides general supervision over public schools in Colorado.

The state board has the power to:

Perform duties delegated by law.

Promulgate and adopt policies, rules, and regulations.

Maintain administrative organization for personnel of the department.

Duties include:

Aligning graduation requirements with postsecondary and workforce readiness.

Recognize and address multiple and diverse pathways to diplomas offered by school districts in the state.

Appoint a commissioner of education and annually evaluate the job performance of the commissioner.

Approve the annual budget request for the department prior to submission.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of one member elected from each congressional district in the state and, if the total number of districts is even, one member elected from the state at large.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The state board of education is elected through popular vote.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation C.R.S.A. Const. Art. 9, § 1
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-2-106
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-2-107
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-2-105
C.R.S.A. Const. Art. 9, § 1
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The commissioner of education acts as ex officio secretary of the state board without a vote.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-2-105

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