K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Arkansas

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The governor holds the supreme executive power for the state government.

The governor may require individual departments to provide reports or information and must see that laws are faithfully executed. Additionally, the governor has the authority to approve or veto laws passed by both chambers of the legislature. The governor may approve or disapprove of distinct items in appropriations bills.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor has appointment authority for all nine members of the state board of education. Board member appointments are subject to the confirmation of the Senate.

The governor has confirmation authority over the commissioner of education and the commissioner shall serve at the pleasure of the governor.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation AR Const. Art. 6 § 2
AR Const. Art. 6 § 15
AR Const. Art. 6 § 17
Ark. Code Ann. § 6-11-101
Ark. Code Ann. § 6-11-102
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The General Assembly is required to provide for the support of a common schools by general law.

The supervision of public schools are vested and confided to the General Assembly.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate has confirmation authority over state board of education appointments.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? Joint Committees:
Joint Committee on Educational Facilities
ALC-JBC Education K-12
Legislative Joint Auditing - Educational Institutions

House:
Education Committee
Early Childhood Subcommittee
K-12, Vocational - Technical Institutions Subcommittee

Senate:
Education Committee
AR Comprehensive School Improvement Plans Subcommittee
Education/Joint Ad Hoc Subcommittee
Public School Employee Health Insurance Subcommittee
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations AR. Const. Art. 14 § 3
AR. Const. Art. 14 § 4
Ark. Code Ann. § 6-11-101
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The commissioner of education serves as the administrative head of the department of education. Additionally, the commissioner acts as an ex officio secretary of the state board of education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The commissioner of education acts as an agent of the state board and has the authority to perform duties as designated by the state board and by statute.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The commissioner is appointed by the state board of education, subject to approval by the governor. The commissioner is employed by the state board and serves at the pleasure of the governor.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ark. Code Ann. § 6-11-102
Ark. Code Ann. § 6-11-103
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education provides general supervision of the public schools in Arkansas including recommending courses of study, issue licenses based on credentials, prescribe requirements of accrediting and grading public schools, supervise the operation of school district budgets, and take action necessary to promote the physical welfare of school children, and the organization and efficiency of public schools.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board of education consists of nine members. Two members are selected from each of the congressional districts in the state as they exist at the time, and one member is appointed at large.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The state board is appointed by the governor and is subject to confirmation by the senate.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ark. Code Ann. § 6-11-105
Ark. Code Ann. § 6-11-101
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The commissioner of education acts as ex officio secretary of the state board without a vote.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ark. Code Ann. § 6-11-103

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