K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Arizona

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The governor may transact business with the executive offices of the government. He/she must ensure laws are faithfully executed.

Every bill passed by the legislature, before it becomes a law, shall be presented to the governor. If he approves, he shall sign it, and it shall become a law as provided in this constitution. But if he disapproves, he shall return it, with his objections, to the house in which it originated.

If any bill presented to the governor contains several items of appropriations of money, he may object to one or more of such items, while approving other portions of the bill.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor may appoint all, except for the superintendent of public instruction, members of the board of education with the consent of the senate.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation A.R.S. Const. Art. 5 § 7
A.R.S. Const. Art. 5 § 4
A.R.S. Const. Art. 11 § 3
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative authority of the state shall be vested in the legislature, consisting of a senate and a house of representatives.

The legislature shall enact laws to provide for the establishment and maintenance of a general and uniform public school system.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The senate may provide consent to the governor's appointments to the state board of education.
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education
Appropriations
Subcommittee on Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? No
Citations A.R.S. Const. Art. 4 Pt. 1 § 1
A.R.S. Const. Art. 11 § 1
A.R.S. Const. Art. 11 § 3
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The superintendent must execute, under the direction of the state board, the policies that have been decided by the board.

The superintendent directs the administrative performance of the department of education.

The superintendent, under direction of the board, may also apportion monies to school districts.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The state superintendent of public instruction is a member and secretary of the state board of education and is an ex officio member of any board controlling public education in the state.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The superintendent is elected by popular vote.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation A.R.S. Const. Art. 11 § 4
Ariz. Rev. State. Ann. § 15-251
A.R.S. Const. Art. 5 § 1
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The general supervision of the public education system is vested in the state board. The board may adopt rules and policies it deems necessary to accomplish this purpose.

Additionally, the board is required to prescribe a minimum course of study for all students, supervise the certification of instructors, and provide a variety of administrator and educator preparation programs. These provisions include requirements to determine high school graduation requirements and competency certifications.

The board is also required to provide a process for the department of education to manage complaints. State law requires the board to develop data gathering methods and rules.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board is composed of the superintendent of public instruction, the president of a state university, four lay members, a president or chancellor of a community college, a person who is an owner or administrator of a charter school, a superintendent of a high school district, a classroom teacher and a county superintendent.
How are members of the state board of education selected? Members of the state board of education are appointed by the governor with the consent of the senate.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation A.R.S. Const. Art. 11 § 2
Ariz. Rev. State. Ann. § 15-203
A.R.S. Const. Art. 11 § 3
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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