K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Alaska

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The executive power of the state is vested in the governor.

The governor must execute and faithfully uphold the law.

The governor is the chief executive officer for the state and oversees the principal departments of the state, including the department of education.

The governor may veto bills passed by the legislature. He may, by veto, strike or reduce items in appropriation bills. He shall return any vetoed bill, with a statement of his objections, to the house of origin.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? The governor has appointment authority for members of the state board of education. Board members must be confirmed by a majority of the legislature. In considering members, the governor must consider recommendations made from recognized educational associations in the state.

The governor must also approve the board's selection for chief state school officer.
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? Yes
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation AK Const. Art. 3, § 1
AK Const. Art. 3, § 16
AK Const. Art. 3, § 22
AK Const. Art. 2, § 15
Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.07.085
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of the State is vested in a legislature consisting of a senate with a membership of 20 and a house of representatives with a membership of 40.

The legislature may establish and maintain a system of public schools open to all children in the state.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? The legislature confirms the governor's appointments to the state board in a joint session. 
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education

Senate:
Education
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citations AK Const. Art. 2, § 1
AK Const. Art. 7, § 1
AK Const. Art. 3, § 26
Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.07.085
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The commissioner of education and early development is the principal executive of the department of education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The commissioner may employ or terminate all persons subject to state personnel provisions. Additionally, the commissioner has the authority to prepare and execute a budge, subject to approval of the board.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The commissioner is appointed by the state board of education, subject to approval by the governor.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.07.145
Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.07.150
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The board must adopt goals for the public education system as well as regulations for the application and award of grants, and regulations for public schools providing domicile.

Additionally, the board may adopt bylaws for department management and must provide a report on the quality of public education in the state to the legislature.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board consists of seven members. No more than four members may be members of the same political party as the governor.
How are members of the state board of education selected? The state board is appointed by the governor and is subject to confirmation by a majority of the legislature in a joint session.
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.07.160
Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.07.165
Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.07.168
Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.07.085
Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.07.075
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? N/A
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? N/A
Statutory? N/A
Citation N/A

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