K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile

K-12 Governance Structures: State Profile - Alabama

November 2017


Data are collected using publicly available state constitutional language and state statutes. Updated as of Nov. 1, 2017.
 

Governor
What constitutional or statutory duties does the governor have as it relates to education? The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled “The Governor of the State of Alabama.”

The governor shall ensure laws are faithfully executed.

Every bill which shall have passed both houses of the legislature, except as otherwise provided in this Constitution, shall be presented to the governor; if he approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his objections to the house in which it originated.

The governor has the authority to approve or disapprove of specific items in appropriations bills.

Additionally, the governor is an ex officio member of the state board of education.
What is the appointment authority provided to the governor in education? N/A
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state constitution? No
Are the governor’s duties and powers and found in the state statute? Yes
Citation Ala. Const. Art. V § 113
Ala. Const. Art. V § 120
Ala.Const. Art. V, § 125
Ala. Const. Art. V § 126
Ala. Code § 16-3-2
Legislature
What constitutional or statutory powers does the legislature have as it relates to education policy? The legislative power of this state shall be vested in a legislature, which shall consist of a senate and a house of representatives.

The legislature may provide for the establishment and operation of schools.
What is the appointment or confirmation authority of the legislature in education? N/A
Which committees in the legislature have jurisdiction over education issues? House:
Education Policy
Ways and Means Education

Senate:
Education and Youth Affairs
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? No
Citations Ala.Const. Art. IV, § 44
Ala. Const. Art. XIV § 256
Chief State School Officer
What are the duties of the chief state officer? The superintendent acts as the chief executive officer of the State Department of Education.
What constitutional or statutory authority does the chief state school officer have as it relates to education policy? The State Superintendent of Education must explain the true intent of school laws and regulations. The superintendent must enforce the rules and regulations of the state board.

Additionally, the superintendent must execute the education policy of the State Board of Education.

The superintendent may recommend legislation needed to improve schools.
How is the chief state school officer selected? The superintendent is appointed by the state board of education.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ala. Code § 16-4-4
Ala. Code § 16-4-6
Ala. Code § 16-4-1
Ala. Const. Art. XIV § 262
State Board of Education
What constitutional or statutory powers and duties does the state board of education have as it relates to education policy? The state board of education provides general supervision of the public schools in Alabama.
What is the composition of the state board of education? The state board is composed of the governor as an ex officio member and eight members from districts prescribed by law.
How are members of the state board of education selected? Voting state board members are elected from eight districts provided by law.
Constitutional? Yes
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ala.Code 1975 § 16-3-11
Ala. Const. Art. XIV § 262
Ala. Code § 16-3-1
Ala. Code § 16-3-1.1
Executive-Level Secretary
Does the state have an executive-level secretary? The superintendent is the secretary and executive officer of the board.
What other duties does the executive-level secretary have? N/A
Constitutional? No
Statutory? Yes
Citation Ala. Code § 16-3-2

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