Dual Enrollment - State Profile

Dual Enrollment - State Profile - West Virginia

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This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agency Web sites. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.

Last updated: December 2013

Data compiled by Jennifer Dounay Zinth: 303.299.3689 or jdounay@ecs.org.

Program Basics
Statewide policy in place Yes
Definition or title of program State has three programs: Dual Credit and Dual Enrollment courses both mean a credit-bearing college course offered at a high school by an institution of higher education. The West Virginia EDGE (Earn a Degree, Graduate Early) allows students to take approved career/technical courses offered by high schools or Career and Technical Centers that are common to courses offered by the community and technical colleges for college credit. Students earn credit by passing a qualifying exam. Early Enrollment (a.k.a. Early Entrance) allows public two- and four-year institutions to offer college courses delivered primarily to high school students.

In addition, the state provides for early admission, defined as high school students enrolled in a college-level course. Policies pertaining to early admission are not included here.
Where courses provided
  • At high school (Dual Credit/Dual Enrollment and Early Enrollment)
  • At postsecondary institution (Early Enrollment)
Postsecondary and/or secondary credit earned Dual Credit/Dual Enrollment and West Virginia EDGE: Both

Early Enrollment: Postsecondary credit. High schools determine if high school credit is offered for these courses.
Students may take developmental/remedial courses through dual enrollment program All programs: No
CTE component Yes. Bridgemont Community and Technical College, Mountwest Community and Technical College, Pierpont Community and Technical College, and Kanawha Valley Community and Technical College are authorized to deliver technical courses that are part of a certificate or associate degree program as early entrance or dual credit courses.

The West Virginia EDGE program is entirely for CTE courses. The presidents of the community and technical colleges facilitate the formation of community and technical college/career and technical education consortia. Each consortium includes representatives of community and technical colleges, public career and technical education centers and state baccalaureate institutions offering associate degrees. Each consortium is responsible for increasing the integration of secondary and post-secondary curriculum and programs that are targeted to meet regional labor market needs, including implementing seamless programs of study such as West Virginia EDGE. In addition, each consortium must develop a compact outlining strategies and procedures for achieving stated goals. Each compact must include implementation of the West Virginia EDGE Program.
Unique characteristics Dual Credit: A system of points on an index is used to assess annual performance measures for state accreditation of high schools and approval of school systems. For schools and districts that do not meet AYP, bonus points or credits are awarded for advanced placement percentages, dual credit completers and international baccalaureate completers. A high school is awarded exemplary accreditation status when all of a number of performance measures are met, including that the percentage of students who successfully complete Advanced Placement, dual credit, and honors classes is at least 5%.

Early Enrollment and Dual Credit: The total headcount enrollment in early admission and dual credit courses is a performance indicator for community and technical colleges.

West Virginia EDGE: The Community and Technical College District Planning Consortium must annually review the approved EDGE course listing to ensure the accuracy of information provided to students and parents.

Courses at postsecondary campuses generally: High schools are permitted to make “take-out” lunches for students attending college programs, and claim such lunches for reimbursement. Provision of such lunches is at the discretion of SFAs (School Food Authority, or governing body that is responsible for the administration of one or more schools and has the legal authority to operate a breakfast or lunch program).
Offering mandatory or voluntary Dual Credit/Dual Enrollment and Early Enrollment: Voluntary. However, state two-year colleges and four-year colleges and universities are directed to work collaboratively with schools to increase educational opportunities and standards for potential college students. Among these efforts are institutional initiatives to provide more opportunities for high school students to complete college courses.

West Virginia EDGE: Mandatory
College partners can be 2-year/4-year/both Dual Credit/Dual Enrollment: Both

West Virginia EDGE: 2-year

Early Enrollment: Both
Student eligibility requirements
  • Written approval/recommendation (Early Enrollment)
  • Meet entrance requirements set by postsecondary institution (Early Enrollment)
  • Student in grades 11-12 ((West Virginia EDGE and Early Enrollment)
  • Not specified (Dual Credit/Dual Enrollment)
Cap on number of credits students may earn Not set in state policy
Students/parents must be notified of dual enrollment opportunities No
Counseling/advising is made available to students Not set in state policy
Who is primarily responsible for paying tuition All programs except West Virginia EDGE: Student/parent, district or 3rd party

Dual Credit: In practice, varies from county to county – some counties pay the tuition in other counties the student pays the tuition, however the tuition is at a reduced cost.

West Virginia EDGE: Postsecondary institution

Early Enrollment: Student/parent. However, to increase access, an institution may establish a special tuition structure for high school students, which must be set at at least three-fourths of the rate of the lowest regular off-campus rate established by any West Virginia public higher education institution. All high school students must be charged the special tuition or the regular tuition/fees approved for the institution granting the credit. The credit-granting institution may not use its own resources to pay any student's assessed tuition/fees. Except for tuition/fee waivers in third party sponsored agreements, no tuition/fee waivers are to be granted.
How state funds participating high schools Dual Credit/Dual Enrollment: Students are funded at a higher level. County boards get an additional 1% of the average PPOR (per pupil operating revenue) X # of students enrolled in dual credit or other advanced courses (AP/IB).

West Virginia EDGE: Equal

Early Enrollment: Equal, with qualifications. When a high school teacher teaches an early enrollment course during the regular school day the institution granting the credit may reimburse the high school/county board of education for the instructor's service.
How state funds participating postsecondary institutions All programs: Equal
Ensuring Program Quality
Instructor qualifications component Yes, for all programs.

Dual Credit/Dual Enrollment and Early Enrollment: A dual credit course must meet both the specified course content standards and objectives for secondary offerings and the college course requirements.

West Virginia EDGE: Career and technical centers and high schools must submit secondary course or technical program content standards and objectives (CSOs) to community and technical colleges (CTC) for evaluation and alignment with specific CTC course learner outcomes for validation for EDGE credit. Appropriate secondary level teachers and/or department of education personnel must participate in the evaluation, alignment and EDGE credit validation process with CTC faculty and academic administrators. If a state and/or national certification exam is available and required by the secondary school or career-technical center, such certification exams must be deemed as sufficient documentation that students passing these exams meet CTC course learning outcomes, and must be approved for EDGE credit. In the absence of a state/national certification exam, secondary teachers work with CTC faculty to determine if the CSOs of the secondary technical course match the learning outcomes of the CTC course. If a secondary course is approved for EDGE credit by this means, the secondary teacher agrees, as part of the validation process, to document that the high school student has achieved the appropriate skill level for awarding EDGE credit. EDGE course teachers must also attend the EDGE orientation led by the Tech Prep Consortium Coordinator. Regulations also detail the college responsibilities in ensuring the quality of EDGE courses.

Early Enrollment: A course must meet the same rigorous standards as those required for on-campus instruction, to maintain institutional accreditation by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association and to assure institutional credibility. Courses must utilize college-approved syllabi, texts, assignments and assessments. Faculty for these courses will be evaluated by college personnel using the same processes as for other college faculty. The higher education institution must facilitate communication between the appropriate academic department and the early enrollment faculty member to assure quality. Faculty teaching early enrollment courses must meet the minimum faculty credential requirements as specified by the college and as approved by the department and chief academic officer of the college or university. The institution must assign adjunct/part-time faculty status to high school teachers teaching college courses. Employment of any early enrollment adjunct/part-time faculty must be consistent with any institutional, statewide and regional accreditation standards for employment of adjunct/part-time faculty.
Program reporting requirement Dual Credit/Dual Enrollment: No

West Virginia EDGE: Yes. The program is administered by the Assistant State Superintendent of the Division of Technical, Adult and Institutional Education, who must develop or adapt an existing comprehensive relational database and data analysis system for student tracking to ensure consistent, reliable data relevant to program goals are available. The assistant state superintendent must also track and evaluate EDGE outcomes across all eight community and technical college/career and technical education consortia districts and create a standardized reporting procedure for collecting consistent EDGE data at the state level. He/she must also (1) document the number of students who enroll in the program, specific courses taken, student course and final exam grades, the number who earn EDGE credits and, of these, the number who apply the credits toward degrees or certifications at state community and technical colleges, and (2) collect and analyze data relevant to initiative goals and objectives, and prepare an annual report for the Legislative Oversight Commission on Education Accountability.

The Chancellor's Office and individual two-year institutions must maintain an up-to-date listing of all secondary and/or career-technical center courses approved for EDGE credit, including the amount of credit for each course, and make this listing available through links from the system and institutional websites to the EDGE website maintained by the department of education.

Early Enrollment: Yes. Each participating institution must maintain a record of the courses and enrollments for such courses and submit reports in compliance with requirements set forth by the specifications of the WV Data Policy Advisory Council, the Council for Community and Technical College Education and Higher Education Policy Commission.
Program evaluation component Yes, for West Virginia EDGE. The purpose of the annual data report described under “Institutional Reporting Requirement” is to analyze program outcomes to demonstrate to what degree the initiative has met goals and objectives articulated in statute.
Public postsecondary institutions required to accept credits No

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