Dual Enrollment - State Profile

Dual Enrollment - State Profile - Virginia

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This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agency Web sites. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.

Last updated: December 2013

Data compiled by Jennifer Dounay Zinth: 303.299.3689 or jdounay@ecs.org.

Program Basics
Statewide policy in place Yes
Definition or title of program Dual Enrollment
Where courses provided
  • At high school (for some community college courses)
  • At postsecondary institution
Postsecondary and/or secondary credit earned Both
Students may take developmental/remedial courses through dual enrollment program No
CTE component Yes. CTE regulations provide that a “program of study” or “plan of study” may include the opportunity for students to participate in dual or concurrent enrollment programs or other ways to acquire postsecondary education credits.
Unique characteristics Home schooled students may also participate. (While private school students' participation is not governed by statute, regulations, or the Virginia Plan for Dual Enrollment, some colleges do allow private school students to take dual enrollment courses.)

Through the Virginia Index of Performance (VIP) incentive program, the state board recognizes schools and school divisions that are annually increasing student enrollment in dual enrollment, AP or IB courses toward the state goal of 30%. An increase toward this goal earns a high school one VIP bonus point for the Board of Education Distinguished Achievement Award or Board of Education Excellence Award, and meets state goal for Governor’s Award for Educational Excellence.

Students who complete the requirements for an Advanced Studies Diploma or Advanced Technical Diploma with an average grade of “B” or better, and successfully complete college-level coursework that will earn the student at least nine transferable college credits in dual enrollment or other options receive the Governor's Seal on the diploma.

Dual enrollment courses do not count toward accumulation of the 125% credit hour threshold, after which a postsecondary student who continues to be enrolled after completed 125% of the credit hours needed to satisfy the degree requirements for a specified undergraduate program is charged a surcharge for each additional semester enrolled.
Offering mandatory or voluntary Mandatory. All local boards must implement an agreement for postsecondary attainment with a community college, specifying the options for students to complete an associate's degree or a one-year Uniform Certificate of General Studies concurrent with a high school diploma. The agreement must specify the credit available for dual enrollment and Advanced Placement courses.

In addition, students must have access to at least three college-level courses for degree credit, Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, or Cambridge courses, or any combination thereof.
College partners can be 2-year/4-year/both Both. In addition, each public institution of higher education must commit to the governor and the general assembly to offer dual enrollment programs in cooperation with high schools.
Student eligibility requirements
  • Written approval/recommendation. From high school principal
  • Meet entrance requirements set by postsecondary institution
  • Student in grades 11-12 (for community colleges)
  • Other (for community colleges: parental permission, and achieving minimum score on English/writing, reading, and math on the Virginia Placement Test (VPT), Compass, Asset, PSAT, SAT, ACT, or SOL)
Cap on number of credits students may earn Not set in state policy
Students/parents must be notified of dual enrollment opportunities Yes. All local boards must have a plan to notify students and their parents of the availability of dual enrollment and Advanced Placement classes, the International Baccalaureate Program, and Academic Year Governor's School Programs, and the qualifications for enrolling in such classes and programs. This plan must include notification to students and parents of the agreement with a Virginia community college to enable students to complete an associate's degree or a one-year Uniform Certificate of General Studies concurrent with a high school diploma.
Counseling/advising is made available to students Not set in state policy
Who is primarily responsible for paying tuition Local decision. However, schools and colleges are encouraged to provide dual enrollment opportunities at no cost to students or their families.

In October 2013, the Advisory Council of Community College Presidents approved a policy on tuition payment for students in VCCS dual enrollment courses taught in the high school by a high school teacher with appropriate VCCS credentials to teach the college course. Under the policy, to be implemented no later than the 2015-2016 school year, full tuition and fees must be paid the community college, but the minimum amount to be reimbursed the school division is 60%. Dual enrollment reimbursement rates may be increased up to 100% based on specified options.

Dual-enrollment high school students who have not previously received a Virginia Guaranteed Assistance Program (VGAP) award must be considered for an initial VGAP award provided they meet all of the initial award eligibility requirements.

Any high school student not otherwise qualified for in-state tuition who is enrolled in community college courses for high school and community college credit pursuant to an agreement between the high school and community college must be charged the same tuition as is charged to any Virginia resident.
How state funds participating high schools Equal
How state funds participating postsecondary institutions Equal
Ensuring Program Quality
Instructor qualifications component Yes, for community college courses. Colleges must ensure that all dual enrollment courses are equivalent to the other instruction offered by the college, in terms of course objectives, course syllabi, level and rigor of content, evaluation of students, textbooks, student outcomes and assessment and faculty evaluation.

Faculty must be selected and employed by the participating community college and must meet SACS [Southern Association of Colleges and Schools] and state board for community colleges faculty hiring criteria (SACS requires faculty teaching associate degree courses designed for transfer to four-year institutions to hold a minimum of 18 graduate semester hours in the discipline).

All dual enrollment arrangements under the Virginia Plan for Dual Enrollment must include formal mechanisms to evaluate faculty effectiveness and student success. Dual enrollment instructors must be evaluated using the guidelines adopted for all adjunct faculty members. A copy of the evaluation results must be given to the designated district representative. Student evaluations of all dual enrollment adjunct instructors must be held each semester for each course offered. Student evaluation results must be shared with the dean, program lead, faculty member, and designated district representative.
Program reporting requirement Yes. Each secondary school’s School Performance Report Card must include the percentage of students who take college-level courses, including dual enrollment courses.
Program evaluation component Not set in state policy
Public postsecondary institutions required to accept credits No

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