Dual Enrollment - State Profile

Dual Enrollment - State Profile - Florida

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Methodology:
This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agency Web sites. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.

Last updated: December 2013

Data compiled by Jennifer Dounay Zinth: 303.299.3689 or jdounay@ecs.org.
 

Program Basics
Statewide policy in place Yes
Definition or title of program Dual Enrollment
Where courses provided
  • At high school
  • At postsecondary institution
  • Virtual program
Postsecondary and/or secondary credit earned Both
Students may take developmental/remedial courses through dual enrollment program No. Developmental education and other forms of precollegiate instruction are ineligible for inclusion in the dual enrollment program.
CTE component Yes. Dual enrollment is defined as the enrollment of an eligible secondary student or home education student in a postsecondary course creditable toward high school completion and either a career certificate or other postsecondary options. Career dual enrollment must be provided as an option for secondary students to earn industry certifications, and must be available for secondary students seeking a degree and industry certification through a career education program or course. Home study students must have the opportunity to participate in career dual enrollment, among other dual enrollment options.

Each district board must develop, in collaboration with regional workforce boards, economic development agencies, and postsecondary institutions approved to operate in the state, a strategic 3-year plan to address and meet local and regional workforce demands. Each strategic 3-year plan must be constructed and based on, among other components, opportunities for high school students to earn weighted or dual enrollment credit for higher-level career and technical courses.

A student dually enrolled in a workforce education program operated by a Florida College System institution or school district career center generates the amount calculated for workforce education funding, including any payment of performance funding, and the proportional share of full-time equivalent enrollment generated through the Florida Education Finance Program for the student's enrollment in a high school. If a student is dually enrolled in a Florida College System institution program, including a program at a high school, the Florida College System institution earns the funds generated for workforce education funding, and the school district earns the proportional share of full-time equivalent funding from the Florida Education Finance Program. If a student is dually enrolled in a career center operated by the same district as the district in which the student attends high school, that district earns the funds generated for workforce education funding and also earns the proportional share of full-time equivalent funding from the Florida Education Finance Program. If a student is dually enrolled in a workforce education program provided by a career center operated by a different school district, the funds must be divided between the two school districts proportionally from the two funding sources. A student may not be reported for funding in a dual enrollment workforce education program unless the student has completed the basic skills assessment.

One of the goals of a career and professional academy and career-themed courses, as set forth in statute, is to promote acceleration mechanisms, such as dual enrollment or articulated credit, so that students may earn postsecondary credit while in high school.
Unique characteristics Private school and home schooled students may also participate. A postsecondary institution must enter into a home education articulation agreement with each home education student, which must include the initial and continued eligibility requirements for home education students, not to exceed those required of other dually enrolled students. A home education student is responsible for his/her own instructional materials and transportation unless provided for otherwise.

The department of education must develop an electronic submission system for dual enrollment articulation agreements and must review for compliance each dual enrollment articulation agreement annually submitted by the Florida College System institution to the department of education. The commissioner of education must notify the district school superintendent and the Florida College System institution president if the dual enrollment articulation agreement does not comply with statutory requirements and must submit any dual enrollment articulation agreement with unresolved issues of noncompliance to the state board.

The state board of education must establish a process for the continual and uninterrupted review of newly proposed core secondary courses and existing courses requested to be considered as core courses to ensure that sufficient rigor and relevance is provided for workforce skills and postsecondary education and aligned to state curriculum standards. A curriculum review committee whose membership is approved by Workforce Florida, Inc. is responsible for reviewing newly proposed core secondary courses. Approved core courses must also be reviewed and considered for approval for dual enrollment credit.

The commissioner of education may approve dual enrollment agreements for limited course offerings that have statewide appeal. Such programs shall be limited to a single site with multiple county participation.

Each district must develop a comprehensive plan for student progression which must list, or incorporate by reference, all dual enrollment courses contained within the dual enrollment articulation agreement.

“Providing dual enrollment instruction” is articulated in statute as part of the mission and responsibility of Florida College System institutions.

Dependent children of active duty military personnel who otherwise meet the eligibility criteria for special academic programs, including dual enrollment, offered through public schools must be given first preference for admission to such programs even if the program is being offered through a public school other than the school to which the student would generally be assigned. If such a program is offered through a public school other than the school to which the student would generally be assigned, the student’s parent must assume responsibility for student transportation.

To earn a “scholar designation” on the standard high school diploma, a student must, among other criteria, earn at least 1 credit in an Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, Advanced International Certificate of Education, or dual enrollment course.

Effective with the Class of 2015, all students must complete at least one graduation credit via an online course. This requirement may be met through an online dual enrollment course.

District school boards must consider, but are not limited to, implementing specified approaches to meet constitutional class size maximums, including adopting policies to encourage qualified students to take dual enrollment courses.

Dual enrollment students have access to state funded electronic library resources that are licensed for Florida College System institutions and state universities by the Florida Virtual Campus.
Access
Offering mandatory or voluntary Mandatory. Each district school superintendent and Florida College System institution president must develop a comprehensive dual enrollment articulation agreement for the respective school district and Florida College System institution.

District school boards may not refuse to enter into a dual enrollment articulation agreement with a local Florida College System institution if that Florida College System institution has the capacity to offer dual enrollment courses.

A school district may not deny a student access to dual enrollment unless the student is ineligible to participate in the program subject to provisions specifically outlined in statute.

In addition, each high school must offer an International Baccalaureate Program, an Advanced International Certificate of Education Program, or a combination of at least four courses in dual enrollment or Advanced Placement, including one course each in English, mathematics, science, and social studies. To meet this requirement, school districts may provide courses through virtual instruction, if the virtual course significantly integrates postsecondary level content for which a student may earn college credit, as determined by the department of education, and for which a department-approved standardized end-of-course assessment is administered.
College partners can be 2-year/4-year/both Both. Independent, accredited, not-for-profit colleges and universities may also participate.
Student eligibility requirements
  • Minimum GPA. 3.0 unweighted high school GPA, or 2.0 unweighted high school GPA for initial and continued enrollment in career certificate dual enrollment courses. Exceptions to required GPAs may be granted on an individual student basis if the educational entities agree and the terms of the agreement are in the dual enrollment articulation agreement. Each comprehensive dual enrollment articulation agreement between a school district and a Florida College System institution must include the policies and procedures, if any, for determining exceptions to the required grade point averages on an individual student basis.
  • Other. Minimum score on a common placement test adopted by the state board indicating the student is ready for college-level coursework. A student enrolling in a math or English course must have demonstrated adequate precollegiate preparation on the relevant section of the basic computation and communication skills assessment. A student may enroll in college credit courses that are not precluded by the deficiency; however, students may not earn more than 12 college credit hours prior to the correction of all deficiencies.
  • Not specified. Florida College System institution boards of trustees may establish additional initial student eligibility requirements, which must be included in the dual enrollment articulation agreement, to ensure student readiness for postsecondary instruction. Additional requirements included in the agreement may not arbitrarily prohibit students who have demonstrated the ability to master advanced courses from participating in dual enrollment courses.
Districts and colleges may agree to extend dual enrollment participation in Student Life Skills (designated as SLS course prefix in the Statewide Course Numbering System) courses to students who do not meet the statutory eligibility requirements, if alternate eligibility requirements are delineated in the District Interinstitutional Articulation Agreement.

To remain eligible for dual enrollment, a student must maintain the minimum postsecondary grade point average established by the postsecondary institution. Regardless of meeting eligibility requirements for continued enrollment, a student may lose the opportunity to participate in a dual enrollment course if the student is disruptive to the learning process such that the progress of other students or the efficient administration of the course is hindered. The institution may grant an exception if the student is enrolled in a secondary course(s) in the basic competency area(s) for which they s/he has been deemed deficient by the postsecondary readiness assessment.
Cap on number of credits students may earn No — student may enroll as part- or full-time student. Through early admission, a student may enroll in a postsecondary institution on a full-time basis in courses creditable toward the high school diploma and the associate or baccalaureate degree. A participating student must enroll in at least 12 college credit hours per semester or the equivalent. However, a student may not be required to enroll in more than 15 college credit hours per semester or the equivalent. Early admission students are exempt from paying registration, tuition, and laboratory fees.

Career early admission allows students to enroll full-time in a career center or a Florida College System institution in postsecondary programs leading to industry certifications, as listed in the Postsecondary Industry Certification Funding List pursuant to s. 1008.44, which are creditable toward the high school diploma and the certificate or associate degree. Participating students must have completed a minimum of 4 semesters of full-time secondary enrollment, including 9th grade enrollment. Career early admission students are exempt from paying registration, tuition, and laboratory fees.
Students/parents must be notified of dual enrollment opportunities Yes. Local boards must inform all secondary students and their parents of dual enrollment as an educational option and mechanism for acceleration. Students and parents must be informed of student eligibility requirements, the option for taking dual enrollment courses beyond the regular school year, and the minimum academic credits required for graduation. District school boards must annually assess the demand for dual enrollment and provide that information to each partnering postsecondary institution. Alternative grade calculation, weighting systems, and information regarding student education options that discriminate against dual enrollment courses are prohibited. The comprehensive dual enrollment articulation agreement between each district and Florida College System institution must include a description of the process by which students and their parents are informed about opportunities for student participation in the dual enrollment program.

Each student must complete a career and education planning course in any grades 6-8. The course must result in a completed personalized academic and career plan for the student, which must inform the student of available opportunities to earn college credit in high school, including Advanced Placement courses; the International Baccalaureate Program; the Advanced International Certificate of Education Program; and dual enrollment, including career dual enrollment.

At the beginning of each school year, local boards must also notify parents of students in or entering high school of the opportunity and benefits of advanced placement, International Baccalaureate, Advanced International Certificate of Education, dual enrollment, and Florida Virtual School courses and options for early graduation.

To facilitate meaningful parent and family involvement, the department of education must develop guidelines for a parent guide to successful student achievement that describes what parents need to know about their child's educational progress and how they can help their child to succeed in school. The guidelines must include opportunities for parents to learn about rigorous academic programs that may be available for their child, including dual enrollment.

In addition, the department of education must develop a statement on transfer guarantees to inform students and their parents, prior to enrollment in a dual enrollment course, of the potential for the dual enrollment course to articulate as an elective or a general education course into a postsecondary education certificate or degree program. The statement must be provided to each district school superintendent, for inclusion in the information provided to all secondary students and their parents as required above. The statement may also include additional information, including dual enrollment options, guarantees, privileges, and responsibilities.
Counseling/advising is made available to students Yes. Each comprehensive dual enrollment articulation agreement between a district and a Florida College system institution must include a description of the process for informing students and their parents of college-level course expectations.Specifically, the District Interinstitutional Articulation Agreement must delineate a formalized process between the high school counselor and the college for informing students and parents or guardians of college course-level expectations, including:
  • Any letter grade below a “C” will not count as credit toward satisfaction of the requirements in Rule 6A-10.030, F.A.C.; however, all grades are calculated in a student's GPA and will appear on their college transcript.
  • All grades, including “W” for withdrawal, become a part of the student's permanent college transcript and may affect subsequent postsecondary admission or initial financial aid eligibility regarding adequate yearly progress.
  • While appropriate for college-level study, course materials and class discussions may reflect topics not typically included in secondary courses which some parents may object to for minors. Courses will not be modified to accommodate variations in student age and/or maturity.
  • The selection of courses to meet degree requirements, including approved program common prerequisite courses, in order to minimize student and state costs for excess hours.
Finance
Who is primarily responsible for paying tuition Student's district, if enrolled in a public institution. When instruction takes place on the postsecondary campus, the school district pays the institution the standard tuition rate per credit hour from funds provided in the Florida Education Finance Program. When dual enrollment is provided on the high school site by postsecondary institution faculty, the school district reimburses the institution for the costs associated with the proportion of salary and benefits and other actual costs. When dual enrollment is provided at the high school by school district faculty, the school district is responsible only for the postsecondary institution's actual costs associated with offering the program.

Any dual enrollment student enrolled at a course offered through a public postsecondary institution is exempt from the payment of registration, tuition, and fees, including laboratory fees. Instructional materials must be made available to dual enrollment public high school students free of charge. Student exemptions from payment of instructional materials and tuition and fees, including laboratory fees, do not apply to students who enroll in an eligible independent institution. A Florida College System institution may provide instructional materials at no cost to a home education student or student from a private school. Instructional materials purchased by a district school board or Florida College System institution board of trustees for dual enrollment students are the property of the purchasing board.
How state funds participating high schools Equal
How state funds participating postsecondary institutions Equal
Ensuring Program Quality
Instructor qualifications component Yes. Each faculty member teaching a dual enrollment course must:
  • Meet the qualifications required by the entity accrediting the postsecondary institution offering the course, including meeting the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges' Principles of Accreditation: Foundations for Quality Enhancement, 2010 Edition, section 3.7.1, for postsecondary instructors in the course and discipline. The qualifications apply to all faculty members regardless of the location of instruction. The postsecondary institution offering the course must require compliance with these qualifications.
  • Provide the institution offering the dual enrollment course a copy of his/her postsecondary transcript.
  • Provide a copy of the current syllabus for each course taught to the discipline chair or department chair of the postsecondary institution before the start of each term. The content of each syllabus must meet the same standards required for all college-level courses offered by that postsecondary institution. All full-time and adjunct faculty teaching dual enrollment courses shall file a copy of their current course syllabus with the college's discipline chair or department chair prior to the start of each term.
  • Adhere to the professional rules, guidelines, and expectations stated in the postsecondary institution's faculty or adjunct faculty handbook. Any exceptions must be included in the dual enrollment articulation agreement.
  • Adhere to the rules, guidelines, and expectations stated in the postsecondary institution's student handbook, including those related to add/drop and withdrawal policies, student code of conduct, grading policies, and critical dates. Any exceptions must be noted in the dual enrollment articulation agreement.
In addition, each president (or designee) of an institution offering a dual enrollment course must:
  • Provide a copy of the institution's current faculty or adjunct faculty handbook to all faculty members teaching a dual enrollment course.
  • Provide to all faculty members teaching a dual enrollment course a copy of the institution's current student handbook, which may include, but is not limited to, information on registration policies, the student code of conduct, grading policies, and critical dates.
  • Designate an individual or individuals to observe all faculty members teaching a dual enrollment course, regardless of the location of instruction.
  • Use the same criteria to evaluate faculty members teaching a dual enrollment course as the criteria used to evaluate all other faculty members.
  • Provide course plans and objectives to all faculty members teaching a dual enrollment course.
The postsecondary institution must provide all adjunct faculty teaching dual enrollment courses with a full-time faculty contact or liaison in the same discipline.

Dual enrollment courses taught at the high school must meet the same competencies required for courses taught on the postsecondary institution campus. To ensure equivalent rigor, the postsecondary institution must in a timely manner provide the faculty member teaching the course a comprehensive, cumulative end-of-course assessment or a series of assessments of all expected learning outcomes in accordance with the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges' Principles of Accreditation: Foundations for Quality Enhancement, 2010 Edition, sections 2.7.4 and 3.5.1. Completed, scored assessments must be returned to the postsecondary institution and held for 1 year. Textbooks and instructional materials must be the same as or comparable to those used in courses offered by the postsecondary institution with the same course prefix and number. The postsecondary institution must advise the school district of instructional materials requirements as soon as that information becomes available but no later than one term before a course is offered.

Course requirements, i.e., tests, papers, or other assignments, for dual enrollment students must be at the same level of rigor or depth as those for non-dual enrollment postsecondary students. All faculty members teaching dual enrollment courses must observe the procedures and deadlines of the postsecondary institution for the submission of grades. A postsecondary institution must advise each faculty member teaching a dual enrollment course of the institution's grading guidelines before the faculty member begins teaching the course.

Dual enrollment courses taught on a high school campus may not be combined with any non-college credit high school course.

The comprehensive dual enrollment articulation agreement between a school district and a Florida College System institution must identify exceptions, if any, to the professional rules, guidelines, and expectations stated in the faculty or adjunct faculty handbook for the postsecondary institution, and exceptions, if any, to the rules, guidelines, and expectations stated in the student handbook of the postsecondary institution that apply to faculty members.
Program reporting requirement Yes. Data used in determining a high school’s school grade for public accountability purposes must include the participation rate of students in various acceleration options, including dual enrollment, and the earning of college credit by all eligible students enrolled in the school in dual enrollment programs.
Program evaluation component Yes. Postsecondary institutions must analyze student performance in dual enrollment to ensure that the level of preparation and future success is comparable with non-dual enrollment postsecondary students. Analyses and recommendations must be shared and reviewed with the principal and local school district. High schools must analyze course and instructor evaluations for dual enrollment courses on the high school campus. Analyses and recommendations must be shared and reviewed by both the college and the high school. Colleges must compare student performance, to include final grade and exam, of dual enrollment course offerings on high school campuses and college campuses to ensure that results are comparable to non-dual enrollment sections. Results are made available to the principal, local school district, the college president, and the department of education.
Transferability
Public postsecondary institutions required to accept credits Yes. Any course that has a statewide numbering system number must be accepted by Florida public institutions as if the course were taken at their institution. Private institutions are eligible but not required to participate in the statewide course numbering system.

The department of education must develop a statement on transfer guarantees to inform students and their parents, prior to enrollment in a dual enrollment course, of the potential for the dual enrollment course to articulate as an elective or a general education course into a postsecondary education certificate or degree program. The statement must be provided to each district school superintendent, for inclusion in the information provided to all secondary students and their parents as required above. The statement may also include additional information, including dual enrollment options, guarantees, privileges, and responsibilities.

A university designated as a preeminent state research university to require its incoming first-time-in-college to take a 9- to-12-credit set of unique courses specifically determined by the university and published on the university’s website. The university may stipulate that credit for such courses may not be earned through any acceleration mechanism, including dual enrollment.

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