Dual Enrollment - State Profile

Dual Enrollment - State Profile - California

For the most recent version of this database click here.

This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agency Web sites. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.

Last updated: December 2013

Data compiled by Jennifer Dounay Zinth: 303.299.3689 or jdounay@ecs.org.

Program Basics
Statewide policy in place Yes
Definition or title of program No title. The governing board of a community college district may admit to any community college under its jurisdiction a student eligible to attend community college as a special part-time or full-time student under Section 48800 or 48800.5. An 11th or 12th grader may also be enrolled part time in classes of the California State University or University of California for academic credit.
Where courses provided
  • At high school
  • At postsecondary institution
Postsecondary and/or secondary credit earned Not specified. Credit for courses completed is at the level determined to be appropriate by the school district and community college district governing boards.
Students may take developmental/remedial courses through dual enrollment program Not set in state policy. However, while not strictly a dual credit course, a principal may recommend a student for a community college summer session course that is necessary to assist a pupil who has not passed the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) and that does not offer college credit in English language arts or math, provided the student is a high school senior and has completed all other graduation requirements prior to the end of his/her senior year, or will complete all remaining graduation requirements during a community college summer session, which he/she is recommended to enroll in, following his/her senior year of high school.
CTE component Yes. A student may participate in a college-level, occupational course for credit assigned a priority code of “A,” “B,” or “C,” pursuant to the Student Accountability Model, as defined by the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges and reported in the management information system, and the course is part of a sequence of vocational or career technical education courses leading to a degree or certificate in the subject area covered by the sequence.

Statute directs the chancellor of the California Community Colleges and the superintendent of public instruction to assist economic and workforce regional development centers and consortia, community colleges, middle schools, high schools, and regional occupational centers and programs to improve linkages and career technical education pathways between high schools and community colleges. As part of these efforts, a community college district may enroll a high school student who is not a resident of that community college district in a program implemented towards these ends. The district is not subject to any other geographic limitations if the program is designed to serve high school pupils and/or involves multiple school districts or community college districts, and the program is not offered at the pupil's high school.

Each district participating in the Linked Learning Pilot Program must adopt policies and agreements that promote concurrent enrollment and dual credit with community colleges and universities.
Unique characteristics If a community college governing board denies a request for a special part-time or full-time enrollment for a pupil identified as highly gifted, the board must record its findings and the reasons for denial of the request in writing within 60 days. The written recommendation and denial must be issued at the next regularly scheduled board meeting that falls at least 30 days after the request has been submitted.

A community college district governing board must assign a low enrollment priority to special part-time or full-time students in order to ensure that these students do not displace regularly admitted students.

The parent of a student not enrolled in a public school may directly petition the president of any community college to authorize the pupil’s attendance at the community college as a special part-time or full-time student on the ground that the pupil would benefit from advanced scholastic or vocational work that would thereby be available.
Offering mandatory or voluntary Voluntary. However, a parent may petition a district governing board to authorize a student’s attendance as a special full-time student at a community college. A parent may file an appeal to a petition with the county board of education.
College partners can be 2-year/4-year/both Both
Student eligibility requirements
  • Written approval/recommendation. From school principal—for community college and CSU admission as special student.
  • Meet entrance requirements set by postsecondary institution. A CSU campus may admit a high school student if the appropriate campus authority judges the student's preparation and ability such that the probability of the student's academic success at the campus is equivalent to that of traditionally admitted first-time freshmen.
  • Not specified. A community college governing board may restrict admission/enrollment of a special part- or full-time student based on age, grade level, or demonstrated eligibility for instruction using assessment methods and procedures, pursuant to regulations adopted by the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges.
  • Other. Parental permission, for special student at community college.
A parent of a student, regardless of the student’s grade level, may petition a district governing board to authorize the child’s attendance as a special full-time student at a community college. A parent may file an appeal with the county board of education.
Cap on number of credits students may earn No — student may enroll as part- or full-time student at a community college. However, if a student is enrolled as a part-time student, the student may enroll in no more than 11 units per semester.

In addition, a principal may not recommend for community college summer session attendance more than 5% of the total number of pupils who have just completed that grade. Exceptions provided for courses in the Intersegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum or California State University general education requirements, certain occupational courses, and non-college-credit-bearing courses for high school seniors who have not passed the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE).
Students/parents must be notified of dual enrollment opportunities No
Counseling/advising is made available to students Not set in state policy
Who is primarily responsible for paying tuition Student/parent. A community college district may exempt special part-time students from fee requirements, but is not required to do so.
How state funds participating high schools Equal, with qualifications. A school district may count a student as full-time for funding purposes if the student attends school at least three hours a day and is either enrolled at a community college as a special part-time student, or is an 11th or 12th grader enrolled part-time in classes of the California State University or University of California for academic credit. However, a district board may allow a student to attend school for less than the minimum school day if the board finds this to be in the student’s best interests.

A student enrolled as a special full-time student at a community college is exempt from compulsory school attendance requirements and as such, would not generate revenue for the school district.
How state funds participating postsecondary institutions Equal, with qualifications. A community college may include high school students in the district’s report of full-time equivalent students only if the class is open to the general public, and is advertised as such in the college catalog, and/or the regular schedule of classes, and/or an addendum to the college catalog or regular schedule of classes. An exception is provided for a class offered at a high school after the regular schedule of classes is published.

Dual enrollment students funded at a higher level for special full-time students at a community college. A college is credited with additional units of average daily attendance for these students.

A community college district may not receive state apportionments for special part-time and full-time students enrolled in physical education courses in excess of 5% of the district's total reported full-time equivalent enrollment of special part-time and full-time students.
Ensuring Program Quality
Instructor qualifications component Not set in state policy
Program reporting requirement Yes. The Chancellor of the California Community Colleges must annually submit to the department of finance and the legislature a report on the amount of FTEs claimed by each community college district for special part- time and special full-time students for the preceding academic year in the following class categories:
  • Noncredit
  • Nondegree-applicable
  • Degree-applicable, excluding physical education
  • Degree-applicable physical education.
The report must also indicate the number of high school students who enroll in community college summer courses and receive a passing grade.
Program evaluation component Not set in state policy
Public postsecondary institutions required to accept credits Unclear

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