State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile - West Virginia

June 2018


This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 


Kindergarten Requirements
What is the compulsory school age? Age 6 prior to September 1 W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-8-1a
What is the state's kindergarten entrance age? Age 5 prior to September 1. In the 2018-2019 school year districts must offer Pre-Kindergarten to all children who are age 4 before July 1. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-5-18;
W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-5-44
What age exemptions or waivers exist for kindergarten entrance? Opt-in: Age 5, county board may provide advanced entrance or placement under their policy for children who have demonstrated sufficient mental and physical competency.
Opt-out: Age 6, a child can be removed from a kindergarten program when the principal, teacher, and parent or guardian concur that the best interest of the child would not be served by keeping the child in school.
Opt-out: Under extraordinary circumstances a child may pass an entrance readiness skills test to enter grade 1 instead of kindergarten.
W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-8-1a
Does the state require children to attend kindergarten? Yes W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-8-1a
Does the state require the district to offer kindergarten and if so, full or half day? What exemptions exist for districts? Yes — Full-Day W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-5-18
How many hours are required for grades K-3? 5.25 hours per day forfor grades K-5. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-5-45;
W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-5-18
Teacher Quality
What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3? 1:20 for kindergarten, 1:25 grades 1-6. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-5-18a
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in reading? Teacher preparation: Elementary teacher preparation programs require teacher canidates to take a minimum of 9 credit hours of reading instruction that focuses on the five essential components of reading (phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension) as well as how to assess student's reading ability and how to identify and correct reading difficulties. Reading education must also be taken in combination with a general education specialization. W. Va. Code R. 126-114-6.3.d.1;
W. Va. Code R. 126-114-10.3.b
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in math? Teacher Preparation: Elementary teacher preparation programs require teacher canidates to complete 3 hours of college algebra or verify a college algebra equivalency and 6 hours of college-level matematics courses as well as three-hour course in mathematic methods. W. Va. Code R. 126-114-6.3.c
Does the state have an early learning endorsement or license specific to K-3? Early Education License, pre-kindergarten and kindergarten. Early Childhood License, grades K-4. Elementary Education License, grades K-6. W. Va. Code R. tit. 126, Series 136, App. A
School Readiness and Transitions
Are kindergarten entrance assessments required? Not specified in statute, rules or regulation.
What are states required to do with the results of the KEA? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations
Are there programs in place to guide the pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition process? Each county's collaborative early childhood team must have a written plan for transitioning children into Pre-K and out of Pre-k into kindergarten. The plan must include: an opportunity for children and their family to visit the setting they are transitioning into, supply written information to parents or guardians on pre-k or kindergarten registration and what to expect, an opportunity for teachers from each system to meet annually to discuss how to facilitate successful transitions, a system to transfer student data, and policies to transition children with IEPs. W. Va. Code R. 126-28-10
Does the state have a statutory definition of school readiness? What do states use their definition of school readiness to inform? The state defines school readiness as a process of assuring children have access the best available resources prior to first grade.This process includes activities that support health and physical development, social and emotional development, language and communication development, cognitive and general knowledge, and individual approaches to learning. W. Va. Code R. 126-28-3
Assessment, Intervention and Retention
Are assessments required in grades K-3? Public school students enrolled in grades 3 to 11 must take the West Virginia general summative assessment or the West Virginia Summative assessment in English language arts and mathematics. W. Va. Code R. 126-14-4
What do the results of K-3 assessments inform? The results of the grades 3 through 11 assessments are used by the district board of education to evaluate pupil, school, and district performance as well as to increase student learning and improve school achievement. W. Va. Code R. 126-14-4
Are there interventions available beginning in kindergarten? What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3? Interventions are available in K-3. Interventions can include literacy instruction before, during, and after school, and in the summer. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-2E-10
W. Va. Code R. 126-30-3
Is there a third grade retention policy? Classroom teachers may recommend the grade level retention of a student, but it is not required. Participation in an intervention program may be a condition of promotion; however, a teacher may still recommend retention. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-2E-10
W. Va. Code R. 126-30-3
Family Engagement
For those states with pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition guidance, is family engagement a requirement? Yes, family engagement is included as a requirement of transition plans. W. Va. Code R. 126-28-10
For those states with third grade retention policies, is parental input required? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Social-Emotional Learning
Where is social-emotional development emphasized in statute? Social and emotional learning is emphasized in the school readiness development process. W. Va. Code R. 126-28-3

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