State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile - Washington

June 2018


This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 


Kindergarten Requirements
What is the compulsory school age? Age 8 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.225.010
What is the state's kindergarten entrance age? Age 5 on or before August 31 Wash. Admin. Code 392-335-010
What age exemptions or waivers exist for kindergarten entrance? Opt-in: Age 5, local board decision based on a screening process that measures ability and/or need of an individual student to succeed in earlier learning.
Opt-in/out: Military families may enroll their child at the grade level attend prior to entering Washington school.
Wash. Admin. Code 392-335-025;
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.225.160
Does the state require children to attend kindergarten? No Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.225.010
Does the state require the district to offer kindergarten and if so, full or half day? What exemptions exist for districts? Yes — Full-Day Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.150.315
How many hours are required for grades K-3? 1,000 hour per year for for grades K-8. 1,080 hours for grades 9-12. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.150.220
Teacher Quality
What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3? 1:17 for an average class size in grade K-3. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.150.260
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in reading? Teacher Preparation (does not specifically relate to K-3): Candidates for Teacher Residency Certification must be able to apply differentiated instruction, including theories of language aquisition, stages of language, and academic language development across content aresas, including reading.
Professional Development: Opportunities for development in reading instruction and early literacy for teachers of kindergarten through fourth grade students made available, subject to funds appropriated. The Primary Grade Reading Grant Program provides resources to teachers to build their skills in using teaching methods to assist students in reading.
Wash. Admin. Code 181-78A-270;
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.415.400;
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.300.330
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in math? Teacher Preparation: Candidates for Teacher Residency Certification must be able to apply differentiated instruction, including theories of language aquisition, stages of language, and academic language development across content aresas, including mathematics.
Professional Development: Professional growth plans for teachers, in elementary eduaction through secondary education, seeking licensure renewal must include specific focus on the intigration fo science, mathematics, technology, and engineering instruction.
Wash. Admin. Code 181-78A-270; Wash. Admin. Code 181-85-075
Does the state have an early learning endorsement or license specific to K-3? Early Childhood Endorsement, birth to grade 3. Elementary Endorsement, Kindergarten to grade 8. Wash. Admin. Code 181-82-201
School Readiness and Transitions
Are kindergarten entrance assessments required? Washington Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills (WAKIDS) is required at the beginning of the school year for all state funded full-day kindergarten programs. Parents and guardians must have the opportunity to excuse their child from participating in the WAKIDS. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.655.080
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.150.315
What are states required to do with the results of the KEA? Washington Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills results are used to support the development of individual children and early learning providers. Results are also used to encourage parental involvement and inform instruction. The results must be reported to the superintendent and the superintendent must share the results with the director of the department of early learning. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.150.315
Are there programs in place to guide the pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition process? Schools receiving support for full-day kindergarten must participate in kindergarten readiness activities with early learning providers and parents. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.150.315
Does the state have a statutory definition of school readiness? What do states use their definition of school readiness to inform? Not specified in statutes, rules, or regulation.
Assessment, Intervention and Retention
Are assessments required in grades K-3? Second grade reading assessments are required. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.300.310
What do the results of K-3 assessments inform? Assessment results are used to provide information to parents, teachers, and school administrators. Assessments and diagnostic tools are made available at each grade level to inform instructional strategies and interventions. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.300.310
Are there interventions available beginning in kindergarten? What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3? K-4 interventions are available in any school where more than forty percent of the tested students are not proficient. Third grade and fourth grade interventions are available for schools below forty percent. Interventions include: summer reading program or other options to meet the students needs to prepare them for fourth grade. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.655.235
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.655.230
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.165.335
Is there a third grade retention policy? Retention is required with a parental exception. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.655.230
Family Engagement
For those states with pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition guidance, is family engagement a requirement? Yes, family engagement is included as a requirement of school readiness programs. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.150.315
For those states with third grade retention policies, is parental input required? Meetings between parents and teachers are required to determine the intensive improvement strategy and placement decision for the student. If the school principal and parent cannot agree on the grade placement decision and improvement strategies, the parent’s request will be honored. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.655.230
Social-Emotional Learning
Where is social-emotional development emphasized in statute? Social-emotional skills are emphasized as skills a kindergarten student should develop to successfully participate in learning activities. The development of these skills is a requirements for funded kindergarten programs to provide to their students. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.150.315

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