State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile - Virginia

June 2018


This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 


Kindergarten Requirements
What is the compulsory school age? Age 5 on or before September 30 Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-254
What is the state's kindergarten entrance age? Age 5 on or before September 30 Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199
What age exemptions or waivers exist for kindergarten entrance? Opt-in: Reaches age 5 between October 1 and December 31 of the school year, in districts that offer any two-tiered, junior or other developmentally appropriate pre-kindergarten program or transitional first grade, and demonstrates school readiness on an assessment.
Opt-out: Age 6, a 5-year-old child may enroll in any public educational pre-kindergarten program, including a Head Start program, or in a private, denominational, or parochial educational pre-kindergarten program.
Opt-out: Age 6, parental waiver to children who are not mentally, physically, or emotionally prepared to attend kindergarten.
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199;
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-254
Does the state require children to attend kindergarten? Yes Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199
Does the state require the district to offer kindergarten and if so, full or half day? What exemptions exist for districts? Yes — Half-Day Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199;
8 Va. Admin. Code 20-131-150
How many hours are required for grades K-3? 3 hours per day for kindergarten (~540 hours per year). 5.5 hours for grades 1 through 12 (~990 hours per year). 8 Va. Admin. Code 20-131-150;
VA Code Ann. § 22.1-79.1
Teacher Quality
What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3? 1:24 or 2:29 with a teachers aid in kindergarten. 1:24 with no class larger than 30 students in grades 1 through 3. Funds are made available to reduce class size for schools with high or moderate concentrations of at-risk students. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:2;
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199.1
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in reading? Teacher preparation: Early/primary education teaching endorsements require to complete 12 semester hours in composition, oral communication, and lterature. Early/primary education teaching endorsements required to possess knowledge of typical language development, components and sequence of literacy development, and the connection between language development and literacy. Knowledge and skills in specific methods by which adults elicit and foster the components of language development must be included in the candidates coursework. Elementary education endorsement (preK-6) must graduate with a major in indterdisplinary studies focusing on a range of subjects including English or major in a core subject area such as English. Elementary education endorsement candidates must have an understanding of the content, knowledge, skills, and processes for teaching the Virginia Standards of Learning for English including: oral language (speaking and listening), reading, writing, and literature, and how these standards provide the core for teaching English in grades preK-6. 8 Va. Admin. Code 20-542-80;
8 Va. Admin. Code 20-542-80;
8 Va. Admin. Code 20-542-110
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in math? Teacher Preparation: Early/primary education teaching endorsements require canidates to complete 9 semester hours in mathematics Elementary education endorsement (preK-6) must graduate with a major in indterdisplinary studies focusing on a range of subjects including mathematics or major in a core subject area such as mathematics. Elementary education endorsement candidates must have an understanding of mathematics content identified in the Virginia Standards of Learning. 8 Va. Admin. Code 20-542-110; 8 Va. Admin. Code 20-542-110
Does the state have an early learning endorsement or license specific to K-3? Early/primary education endorsement, pre-kindergarten through grade 3. Elementary education endorsement, grades prek-6. 8 Va. Admin. Code 20-22-150
School Readiness and Transitions
Are kindergarten entrance assessments required? Kindergarten students must be assessed in reading through either the Standards of Learning Reading test or a reading diagnostic test that meets the criteria set by the Department of Education. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1
What are states required to do with the results of the KEA? The results of the reading test shall be used to determine if a student requires reading intervention. The results of the assessments must be reported to the Department of Education annually. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1
Are there programs in place to guide the pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition process? Not specified in statutes, rules or regulation.
Does the state have a statutory definition of school readiness? What do states use their definition of school readiness to inform? Not specified in statutes, rules or regulation.
Assessment, Intervention and Retention
Are assessments required in grades K-3? Students in kindergarten through third grade are required to take the Standards of Reading test or any reading diagnostic test that meets the criteria established by the Department of Education. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1
What do the results of K-3 assessments inform? The results of the Standards of Reading test shall be used to determine if a student requires reading intervention. The results of the assessments must be reported to the Department of Education annually. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1
8 Va. Admin. Code 20-131-80
Are there interventions available beginning in kindergarten? What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3? Interventions are available to students in kindergarten through third grade in reading. Students who demonstrate deficiencies on reading tests must be provided with reading intervention by the local school division. Reading intervention services may include: tutoring, in class direct instruction, and extended day or year instruction for the specific student. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1
Is there a third grade retention policy? Retention is not required but a student who fails to achieve a passing score on all of the Standards of Learning assessments in grade 3 through 8 must receive intervention services prior to being promoted. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1 253.13:1
Family Engagement
For those states with pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition guidance, is family engagement a requirement? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
For those states with third grade retention policies, is parental input required? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Social-Emotional Learning
Where is social-emotional development emphasized in statute? Training for teachers in social-emotional development is a requirement for early/primary education and elementary education licensure. 8 Va. Admin. Code 20-22-130
8 Va. Admin. Code 20-542-80

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