State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile - Texas

June 2018


This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 


Kindergarten Requirements
What is the compulsory school age? Age 6 Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 25.085
What is the state's kindergarten entrance age? Age 5 on or before September 1 Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 29.151
What age exemptions or waivers exist for kindergarten entrance? Opt-in: Age 5, the student performs satisfactorily on the third grade assessment and the district has a policy for admitting students younger than 5.
Opt-out: Age 6, a child who completed kindergarten or enrolled in grade 1 in another state may enter appropriate grade level.
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 42.003;
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 25.085
Does the state require children to attend kindergarten? No Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 42.003
Does the state require the district to offer kindergarten and if so, full or half day? What exemptions exist for districts? Yes — Half-Day Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 29.152;
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 29.151
How many hours are required for grades K-3? 7 hours per day for full-day kindergarten and all other grades (1,260 hours/year). Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 25.081;
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 29.0822
Teacher Quality
What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3? 1:20 average with a maximum of 1:22 in grade K-4. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 25.111;
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 25.112
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in reading? Teacher preparation: Candidates seeking initial certification must take courses in reading instruction.
Professional Development: Professional development is not required. Teacher Literacy Achievement Academies are provided to eligible teachers who provide reading instruction in K-3.
19 Tex. Admin. Code § 228.30;
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 21.4552
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in math? Professional Development: Achievement Academies are provided to eligible teachers who provide mathematics instruction in K-3. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 21.4553
Does the state have an early learning endorsement or license specific to K-3? Early Childhood Certification, pre-kindergarten through grade 3. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 21.0489
School Readiness and Transitions
Are kindergarten entrance assessments required? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
What are states required to do with the results of the KEA? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Are there programs in place to guide the pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition process? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Does the state have a statutory definition of school readiness? What do states use their definition of school readiness to inform? The state defines school readiness as a child being able to function competently in a school environment in the areas of early language and literacy, mathematics, and social skills. School readiness is measured by state-approved assessment instruments. 19 Tex. Admin. Code § 102.1002
Assessment, Intervention and Retention
Are assessments required in grades K-3? Districts must administer a state approved reading assessment in K-2. Statewide reading and mathematics assessment must be administered in grade 3. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 28.006
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 39.023
What do the results of K-3 assessments inform? The K-2 reading assessment is used to diagnose the reading development and comprehension of students to determine if the child is at risk for dyslexia or other reading difficulties. Parents or guardians are informed in writing of their student's results on the K-2 reading assessment. School districts must notify parents or guardians of students who are determined to be at risk for dyslexia or other reading difficulties as determined by the reading assessment results. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 28.006
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 39.023
Are there interventions available beginning in kindergarten? What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3? Intervention is available in third grade through high school for students who fail to perform satisfactorily on a state assessment. School districts must provide students who do not perform satisfactorily with accelerated instruction in the subject area they failed to perform satisfactorily. The interventions can be offered outside of the instructional day. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 28.0211
Is there a third grade retention policy? Retention is not required. However, if a student fails to perform satisfactorily on an assessment after three attempts the student shall be retained at the same grade level for the next school year. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 28.0211
Family Engagement
For those states with pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition guidance, is family engagement a requirement? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
For those states with third grade retention policies, is parental input required? Parental notification is required and parental appeal is allowed. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 28.0211
Social-Emotional Learning
Where is social-emotional development emphasized in statute? An understanding of social-emotional development is included in the state teacher standards. Specific requirements related to the incorporation of social-emotional learning are outlined. 19 Tex. Admin. Code § 149.1001

© 2019 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education. 700 Broadway #810, Denver, CO 80203-3442

To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please contact the Education Commission of the States’ Communications Department at 303.299.3609 or askinner@ecs.org.

Your Education Policy Team  www.ecs.org